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Quick answer
"Below" is a preposition which is often translated as "debajo de", and "above" is a preposition which is often translated as "sobre". Learn more about the difference between "below" and "above" below.
below(
buh
-
lo
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (under)
a. debajo de
Write your name below this line.Escribe tu nombre debajo de esta línea.
b. abajo de
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
There was a crack in the wall below the windowsill.Había una grieta en la pared abajo de la repisa de la ventana.
c. bajo
The majority of an iceberg is below the surface.La mayor parte de un iceberg está bajo la superficie.
2. (less than)
a. por debajo de
The price should be below $10,000.El precio debería estar por debajo de los 10,000 dólares.
3. (in rank or importance)
a. por debajo de
There is a meeting for all officers below captain.Hay una reunión para todos los oficiales por debajo del grado de capitán.
4. (downstream of)
a. más abajo de
The restaurant is 100 meters below the bridge.El restaurante está 100 metros más abajo del puente.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (underneath)
a. abajo
The cars below looked tiny.Los autos abajo se veían minúsculos.
6. (with numbers)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It was 30 degrees below.Hacía 30 grados bajo cero.
The competition is for children aged 12 or below.El concurso es para niños de 12 años para abajo.
7. (in documents)
a. más abajo
See the table below.Véase la tabla más abajo.
8. (nautical)
a. abajo
The prisoners were kept below.Los presos se guardaban abajo.
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above(
uh
-
buhv
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (over)
a. sobre
There was a lovely painting of a summer sky above the table.Había un lindo cuadro de un cielo veraniego sobre la mesa.
b. encima de
There was a huge spider walking above the doorway.Había una araña enorme caminado encima de la puerta.
c. arriba de
The airplanes were flying above the Washington Monument.Los aviones volaban arriba del Monumento a Washington.
2. (more than)
a. más de
All children above five years of age are required to attend school.Todos los niños de más de cinco años de edad deben asistir a la escuela.
b. por encima de
The price of milk in that store is always above four dollars.El precio de la leche en esa tienda siempre está por encima de cuatro dólares.
3. (superior in status)
a. por encima de
You must obey his orders because he is above you.Tienes que obedecer sus órdenes porque está por encima de ti.
4. (morally superior)
a. por encima de
You'll have to excuse me; I am above petty matters like these.Me tendrán que disculpar; estoy por encima de asuntos insignificantes como estos.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (higher)
a. arriba
There were several archers aiming at us from above.Había varios arqueros apuntándonos desde arriba.
6. (superior in status)
a. de rango superior
All officers from lieutenant and above are required to attend.Todos los oficiales desde el teniente hasta los de rango superior deben asistir.
7. (before)
a. arriba (in a text)
As can be seen above, this contract includes several ambiguously worded clauses.Como se puede ver arriba, este contrato incluye varias cláusulas redactadas de manera ambigua.
8. (more than)
a. para arriba
For those patrons who are 60 and above, we have senior discounts.Para los clientes de 60 para arriba, tenemos descuentos de la tercera edad.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
9. (occurring before)
a. de arriba
The above picture was taken in 1865.La foto de arriba se tomó en el año 1865.
10. (aforementioned)
a. sobredicho
The above example illustrates the necessity for climate change policies.El ejemplo sobredicho demuestra la necesidad de políticas de cambio climático.
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