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Quick answer
"Sides" is a form of "side", a noun which is often translated as "el lado". "Back" is a noun which is often translated as "la espalda". Learn more about the difference between "back" and "sides" below.
back(
bahk
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (anatomy)
a. la espalda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(person)
I will never turn my back on you.Nunca te daré la espalda.
b. el lomo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(animal)
Put the parcels on the back of the donkey.Pongan los paquetes en el lomo del burro.
2. (reverse side)
a. el respaldo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(chair)
You can hang your jackets on the back of your chairs.Pueden colgar sus chaquetas en el respaldo de las sillas.
b. el dorso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(paper)
Please, read the warning on the back of the page.Por favor, lea la advertencia al dorso de la página.
3. (rear part)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There are seats available at the back of the plane.Hay asientos disponibles en el fondo del avión.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (rear)
a. trasero
Please, use the back door when leaving.Por favor, usen la puerta trasera para salir.
b. último
I prefer sitting in the back row.Prefiero sentarme en la última fila.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to move backwards)
a. dar marcha atrás
She backed her car into the parking place.Dio marcha atrás para meterse en el estacionamiento.
b. retroceder
He would not back his truck out to let me pass.No quería retroceder su camioneta para dejarme pasar.
6. (to support)
a. respaldar
There was no one to back her idea.No había nadie que respaldara su idea.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (in space)
a. atrás
Step back; the floor is wet.Den un paso atrás; el suelo está mojado.
8. (in time)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Back when I was your age, we walked to school.Allá cuando yo tenía tu edad, caminábamos a la escuela.
Things were different back then.Las cosas eran distintas de aquella.
9. (returned)
a. de vuelta
She went to the store and was back in no time.Fue a la tienda y estuvo de vuelta en cinco minutos.
They will be back at six.Estarán de vuelta a las seis.
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side(
sayd
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (edge)
a. el lado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Which side of the bed do you prefer to sleep on?¿Qué lado de la cama prefieres para dormir?
b. el margen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She always doodles on the side of her notebook paper.Ella siempre garabatea en los márgenes del folio de su cuaderno.
c. la orilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a river)
We walked barefoot on the side of the river.Caminamos descalzos en el lado del río.
d. la ladera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a mountain)
The sides of the mountain were completely vertical and impossible to climb.Las laderas de la montaña eran totalmente verticales e imposibles de escalar.
e. la falda
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of a mountain)
We stopped on the side of the hill to take a break.Nos detuvimos en la falda de la montaña para tomar un descanso.
f. el costado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Someone scratched the side of my car in the parking lot.Alguien me rayó el costado del coche en el aparcamiento.
2. (part)
a. la cara
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I always wonder what hides on the dark side of the moon.Siempre me pregunto qué se esconde en la cara oculta de la luna.
3. (anatomy)
a. el costado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(person)
He lost his balance and fell to the floor on his left side.Perdió el equilibrio y cayó al suelo sobre el costado izquierdo.
b. la ijada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(animal)
The donkey showed a cut on his left side.El burro mostraba un corte en la ijada izquierda.
c. el ijar
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(animal)
Hit the horse's sides with your heels to make it gallop faster.Golpea los ijares del caballo con los talones para que galope más rápido.
4. (faction)
a. la parte
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
You never take my side in a discussion.Nunca estás de mi parte en una discusión.
b. el bando
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She changed sides and now everyone is against her.Se cambió de bando y ahora están todos contra ella.
c. el lado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
If you're not on my side, you're against me.Si no estás de mi lado, estás en mi contra.
5. (sports)
a. el equipo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The fans supported their side right to the end of the match.Los fans apoyaron a su equipo hasta el final del partido.
6. (perspective)
a. el lado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I always try to see the positive side of every situation.Siempre intento ver el lado positivo de cada situación.
b. el aspecto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
María only paid attention to one side of the issue.María solo prestaba atención a un aspecto del problema.
7. (line of descent)
a. lado
My eye color comes from my mother's side.Mi color de ojos viene por el lado materno.
8. (culinary)
a. el acompañamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Shall we order a couple of sides to share?¿Pedimos un par de acompañamientos para compartir?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
9. (lateral)
a. lateral
We went out the side door of the cinema.Salimos por la puerta lateral del cine.
10. (secondary)
a. secundario
I don't take that medication because of its side effects.No tomo ese medicamento por sus efectos secundarios.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to support)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Several workers sided against their manager.Varios trabajadores se pusieron en contra de su jefe.
She sided with her best friend during the argument.Se puso del lado de su mejor amiga durante la discusión.
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