"Add" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "sumar", and "add up" is a transitive verb phrase which is also often translated as "sumar". Learn more about the difference between "add" and "add up" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (mathematics)
a. sumar
Can you add these two numbers?¿Puedes sumar estos dos números?
2. (to combine)
a. añadir
He added a codicil to his will.Añadió un codicilo a su testamento.
b. agregar
Fry the onion for five minutes, then add the spices.Fría la cebolla durante cinco minutos, luego agregue las especias.
3. (to say more)
a. añadir
He added that salaries will be reviewed soon.Añadió que los salarios se van a revisar pronto.
b. agregar
"Don't tell Alan," she added."No le digas a Alan", agregó.
4. (to confer)
a. dar
Her articles add a light-hearted touch to the magazine.Sus artículos le dan un toque de humor a la revista.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (mathematics)
a. sumar
Does he know how to add yet?¿Ya sabe sumar?
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A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to calculate the total of)
a. sumar
When I added up our monthly expenditure, I was shocked at how much we were spending.Cuando sumé nuestros gastos mensuales, me escandalizó la cantidad que gastábamos.
b. hacer
Excuse me; I think you've made a mistake adding up my bill.Disculpe; creo que ha hecho un error al hacerme la cuenta.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
2. (to calculate)
a. sumar
Gemma is still learning to add up and take away at school.Gemma todavía está aprendiendo a sumar y restar en la escuela.
3. (to tally)
a. cuadrar
The figures don't add up. There must be a mistake somewhere.Las cifras no cuadran. Debe de haber un error en alguna parte.
4. (to mount up)
a. sumarse
You need to watch these small expenses. They all add up.Tienes que vigilar estos gastos pequeños. Van sumándose.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g., carrot, bean).
(to make sense)
a. cuadrar
Tony was suspicious of Robert as his story just didn't add up.Tony desconfiaba de Robert ya que su historia no cuadraba.
b. tener sentido
What Henry told me just doesn't add up.Lo que Henry me contó no tiene sentido.
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