Take a Practice Quiz Infinitive forms and finding stems for regular verbs
The infinitive is the most basic verb form in all languages. In English, the verb is always preceded by the preposition “to” as in “to speak,” “to read,” or “to write.” In Spanish, infinitives consist of only one word and are separated into three different conjugation sets according to their endings, -AR, -ER, and -IR such as “hablar,” “leer,” and “escribir.”
Verbs in the infinitive form indicate what an action is, but do not indicate anything about who is doing the action or at what point in time the action is taking place. Most verb tenses use a form of the infinitive as the stem for their conjugations. In general, for regular verbs, you simply need to remove the infinitive ending to find the stem, and then you can the add tense’s endings.
Finding the Stem from an Infinitive
There are more -AR verbs than the other two categories. There are also fewer irregular -AR verbs than -ER and -IR verbs. Some examples of common -AR infinitives and their stems are:
|buscar||to look for||busc-|
|escuchar||to listen to||escuch-|
|extrañar||to miss/to yearn for||extrañ-|
-ER verbs make up the second largest group of infinitives in Spanish. Some common examples of -ER infinitives are:
|meter||to put into||met-|
-IR verbs are the smallest group of Spanish infinitives. Some examples of common -IR verbs are:
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Category: verbs | Keywords: stems, conjugation