Formal Affirmative and Negative Commands
Formal commands are used when addressing people in a formal manner. Use formal commands when addressing:
- people you do not know well
- people older than you
- people to whom you generally show respect (boss, teacher, etc.)
For all countries other than Spain, you can also use these commands to address a group of people.
Affirmative Formal Commands
All Ud. (usted) and Uds. (ustedes) commands are the same as the Ud. and Uds. present subjunctive forms.
|infinitive||Ud. present subjunctive||Ud. formal command||Uds. present subjunctive||Uds. formal command|
Pronoun Placement in Affirmative Formal Commands
Pronoun placement: the pronoun(s) is/are attached to the end of affirmative commands. To preserve the original stress of the verb in case it has more than one syllable, a written accent is added.
Negative Formal Commands
Negative formal commands couldn’t be easier. All you have to do is add a negative word such as no in front of the affirmative formal command/usted present subjunctive form.
Pronoun Placement in Negative Formal Commands
Pronoun placement: the pronoun precedes the verb in negative commands and follows the negative word.