In English, "will" is classified as an auxiliary verb to indicate the future tense of a verb that comes after it. In Spanish, the future tense is expressed by an inflection of the verb.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
auxiliary verb
1. (used to indicate the future)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It will be done by tomorrow.Estará hecho mañana.
My package will arrive in a couple of days or so.Mi paquete llegará en un par de días.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
2. (determination)
a. la voluntad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Her will helped her achieve her dream.Su voluntad la ayudó a cumplir su sueño.
3. (law)
a. el testamento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He is not named in his mother's will.No aparece en el testamento de su madre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
4. (to wish)
a. querer
At least he was willing to listen.Al menos quiso escuchar.
5. (to ordain)
a. disponer
Destiny is willed by the gods.Los dioses disponen el destino.
6. (to bequeath)
a. dejar
She willed me the family home.Me dejó la casa familiar.
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1. voluntad (f) (resolve, determination)
  • at will a voluntad
  • the will to live las ganas de vivir
  • to show good will demostrar tener buena voluntad
  • with the best will in the world con la mejor voluntad del mundo
  • he imposed his will on them les impuso su voluntad
  • this computer has a will of its own este ordenador or (español de España) esta computadora hace lo que le da la gana (Am)
  • where there's a will there's a way (Prov) quien la sigue, la consigue
2. testamento (m) (Law)
  • the last will and testament of? la última voluntad de?
  • to make one's will hacer testamento
transitive verb
  • he was willing her to win deseaba vehementemente que ganara
  • she was willing herself to do it apeló a toda su fuerza de voluntad para hacerlo
3. (leave in one's will)
  • to will something to somebody legar algo a alguien
modal auxiliar verbo
En el inglés hablado, y en el escrito en estilo coloquial, el verbo will se contrae de manera que I/you/he etc will se transforman en I'll, you'll, he'll etc. La forma negativa will not se transforma en won't.
1. (expressing future tense)
  • I'll do it tomorrow lo haré mañana
  • it won't take long no llevará or demorará mucho tiempo (Am)
  • persuading the parents will be difficult va a ser difícil convencer a los padres
  • you'll write to me, won't you? me escribirás, ¿verdad?
  • you won't forget, will you? no te olvides, por favor
  • will you be there? ? yes I will/no I won't ¿vas a ir? ? sí/no
2. (expressing wish, determination)
  • I won't allow it! ¡no lo permitiré!
  • will you help me? ¿me ayudas?
  • she won't let me see him no me deja verlo
  • won't you sit down? ¿no se quiere sentar?
  • be quiet for a minute, will you? estate callado un momento, ¿quieres?
  • if she WILL insist on doing everything herself? como insiste en hacerlo todo ella?
  • will you go away! ¡quieres hacer el favor de irte!
  • it won't open no se abre
3. (expressing general truth)
  • the restaurant will seat a hundred people el restaurante puede albergar a cien personas
  • these things will happen son cosas que pasan
4. (conjecture)
  • you'll be tired debes de estar cansado
  • they'll be home by now ya deben de haber llegado a casa
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
will [wɪl] would (past)
modal verb
1 (talking about the future)
I will or I'll finish it tomorrow lo terminaré mañana; I will or I'll have finished it by tomorrow lo habré terminado para mañana; you won't lose it, will you? no lo perderás ¿verdad?; (stronger) no lo vayas a perder
"you won't be late, will you?" — "no I won't" no, I won't no, no quiero de ninguna manera
you will come to see us, won't you? vendrás a vernos, ¿no?
Use the future tense when guessing what will happen or when making a supposition.
it won't take long no llevará mucho tiempo; we'll probably go out later seguramente saldremos luego; I'll always love you te querré siempre; what will you do? ¿qué vas a hacer?; we'll be having lunch late vamos a comer tarde; we'll talk about it later hablamos luego
(emphatic language)
I will do it! ¡sí lo haré!; no he won't! ¡no lo hará!
2 (in conjectures)
he will or he'll be there by now ya debe de haber llegado or ya habrá llegado; she'll be about 50 tendrá como 50 años; that will be the postman será el cartero
3 (expressing willingness) (in commands, insistence)
will you sit down! ¡siéntate!; will you be quiet! ¿te quieres callar?; he will have none of it no quiere ni siquiera pensarlo; "I won't go" — "oh yes you will" —no voy —¿cómo que no?; I will not or I won't put up with it! ¡no lo voy a consentir!; I will not have it that ... no permito que se diga que ...; I will (marriage service) sí quiero
(in offers, requests, invitations, refusals)
come on, I'll help you venga, te ayudo; will you help me? ¿me ayudas?; wait a moment, will you? espera un momento, ¿quieres?; will you have some tea? ¿quieres tomar un té?; will you sit down? ¿quiere usted sentarse?; tome usted asiento (formal); won't you come with us? ¿no quieres venir con nosotros?; Tom won't help me Tom no me quiere ayudar
4 (expressing habits) soler; acostumbrar a
she will read for hours on end suele leer or acostumbra a leer durante horas y horas
(expressing persistence)
she will smoke, despite what the doctor says a pesar de lo que dice el médico, se empeña en fumar; accidents will happen son cosas que pasan; boys will be boys así son los chicos; he will keep leaving the door open siempre tiene que dejar la puerta abierta; if you will eat so much, you can hardly expect to be slim si insistes en comer tanto, no pensarás adelgazar
5 (expressing capability)
the car won't start el coche no arranca; the car will cruise at 100mph el coche podrá alcanzar las 100 millas por hora; a man who will do that will do anything un hombre que es capaz de eso es capaz de todo
intransitive verb
(wish) querer
(just) as you will! ¡como quieras!; if God wills si lo quiere Dios; say what you will di lo que quieras; do as you will haz lo que quieras; haz lo que te parezca bien; look where you will, you won't find one mires donde mires, no vas a encontrar uno
will [wɪl]
1 (inclination, wish) voluntad (f)
against sb's will contra la voluntad de algn
at will a voluntad
to do sb's will hacer la voluntad de algn
Thy will be done hágase tu voluntad
to do sth of one's own free will hacer algo por voluntad propia
the will of God la voluntad de Dios
iron willwill of iron voluntad (f) de hierro
to have a will of one's own tener voluntad propia
it is my will that you should do it quiero que lo hagas
the will to win/live el deseo de ganar/vivir
to work with a will trabajar con ahinco
with the best will in the world por mucho que se quiera
where there's a will there's a way querer es poder
2 (testament) testamento (m)
the last will and testament of ... la última voluntad de ...
to make a will hacer testamento
transitive verb
1 (urge on by willpower) lograr a fuerza de voluntad
he willed himself to stay awake consiguió quedarse despierto a fuerza de voluntad; I was willing you to win estaba deseando que ganaras
2 (ordain) ordenar; disponer
God has so willed it Dios lo ha ordenado así
3 (leave in one's will)
to will sth to sb legar algo a algn; dejar algo (en herencia) a algn; he willed his pictures to the nation legó sus cuadros a la nación
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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