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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (to have a weight)
a. pesar
How much do you weigh? - I weigh 80 kilos.¿Cuánto pesas? - Peso 80 kilos.
2. (to be important)
a. pesar
In the United States, the Latino vote weighs heavily in the elections.El voto latino pesa significativamente en las elecciones de Estados Unidos.
3. (to be influential)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The child's preference weighed in favor of granting custody to the father.La preferencia del niño fue un factor a favor para que se le diera la custodia al padre.
The facts weighed against the defendant and may face prison time.Los hechos inclinaron la balanza en contra del acusado y puede terminar en prisión.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
4. (to measure weight)
a. pesar
Weigh your luggage at home with a bathroom scale before going to the airport.Pesa tu equipaje en casa con una báscula de baño antes de ir al aeropuerto.
5. (to consider)
a. sopesar
Weigh both options before you make a rash decision.Sopesa ambas opciones antes de tomar una decisión apresurada.
b. contraponer
He weighed the benefits against the risks of quitting to apply for a new job.Contrapuso los beneficios y los riesgos de renunciar para postularse a otro trabajo.
c. comparar
Did you weigh renting against buying?¿Comparaste alquilar con ser propietario?
d. medir (words)
You should weigh your words before speaking in front of this group of people.Debes medir tus palabras antes de hablar frente a este grupo de personas.
6. (nautical)
a. levar
The sailors weighed the anchors and raised the sails.Los marineros levaron anclas e izaron las velas.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (measure)
a. pesar
2. (consider)
a. sopesar
he weighed his words carefullymidió bien sus palabras
to weigh one thing against anothersopesar una cosa frente a otra
3. (nautical)
to weigh anchorlevar anclas
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (general)
a. pesar
it weighs 2 kilospesa 2 kilos
how much do you weigh?¿cuánto pesas?
it's weighing on my conscienceme pesa en la conciencia
her experience weighed in her favorsu experiencia inclinó la balanza a su favor
weigh [weɪ]
transitive verb
1 (measure weight of) pesar
to weigh sth in one's hand the scales can be used to weigh other items such as parcels
to weigh o.s. pesarse
have you weighed yourself lately?
2 (consider) [+evidence, options, risks] sopesar; considerar
she weighed her options she had weighed the risks and decided it wasn't worth it he is weighing the possibility of filing criminal charges against the doctor we have to weigh the evidence and make a decision to weigh A [against] B
the advantages of surgery have to be weighed against possible risks las ventajas de la cirugía se tienen que contraponer a los posibles riesgos
the advantages have to be weighed against the disadvantages before you begin to weigh sth in one's [mind] I haven't decided what to do. I'm still weighing all the options in my mind I hesitated for some more moments, disoriented, trying to weigh in my mind the benefits
to weigh the pros and cons (of sth) sopesar or considerar los pros y los contras (de algo)
you should weigh the pros and cons carefully before deciding whether buying a house would be a better bet
to weigh anchor levar anclas
intransitive verb
1 (tip the scales at) pesar
it weighs four kilos pesa cuatro kilos
how much does it weigh?
how much or what do you weigh? ¿cuánto pesas?
you always weigh less in the morning it weighs heavy
this weighs a ton! ¡esto pesa un quintal! (informal)
gold weighs heavy, but takes up remarkably little space
2 (be influential) influir
factors which weigh heavily in a young person's decision to leave school at 16 current economic hardships weigh heavily in young womens' decisions to find salaried work
to weigh against sth/sb ser un factor en contra de algo/algn
your temper weighs against you but one factor is weighing against any rapid solution
there are many factors weighing against the meeting happening hay muchos factores en contra de que tenga lugar la reunión; to weigh in favour of sth/sb ser un factor a favor de algo/algn; inclinar la balanza a favor de algo/algn
Spanish wines tend to be cheaper, a factor that weighs in their favour weighing in favor of the indictments is the evidence of false testimony, while, weighing against is ... to weigh heavily against/in favour of sth the economic climate weighs heavily against having children to weigh heavily [in favour of] sth purely practical considerations must often have weighed heavily in favour of such decisions to weigh [with] sb
all these factors will weigh heavily with voters todos estos factores influirán mucho en los votantes
political careers, the future of the party and the country will all weigh with MPs the prospect of damnation on some unspecified future date, for unspecified transgressions, has never weighed much with humanity human life weighed more with him than purity of policy these factors do not weigh with him that didn't weigh with him
(be a burden)
to weigh on sb agobiar a algn
her problems weighed on her
her absence began to weigh on me su ausencia comenzó a agobiarme
the oppressive sadness that weighed upon him like a physical pain he was suddenly happy, unexpectedly released from the anger and grief that had weighed on him all morning the separation weighed on both of them she knows how your brother's disappearance weighs upon you
to weigh on sb's conscience pesar sobre la conciencia de algn
the lie weighed on his conscience
it weighs (heavily) on her mind le preocupa (mucho)
the prime minister has other issues weighing on his mind previous failures weighed on his mind as he stepped on the stage once more to weigh on sb's [stomach]
eat something that won't weigh on your stomach come algo que no te resulte pesado al estómago
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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