shoulder
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
shoulder(
shol
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (anatomy)
a. el hombro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I dislocated my shoulder when I fell from my horse.Me disloqué el hombro al caerme del caballo.
2. (culinary)
a. la paletilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to prepare a pork shoulder for dinner.Voy a preparar paletilla de cerdo para cenar.
3. (of a road)
a. el arcén
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I had to park on the shoulder to answer an important call.Tuve que aparcar en el arcén para responder a una llamada importante.
b. el hombrillo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
Driving on the shoulder of the road is prohibited.Se prohibe conducir en el hombrillo de la carretera.
c. el acotamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
The policeman had him stop on the shoulder.El policía hizo que se detuviera en el acotamiento.
d. la banquina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela
(South America)
Only use the shoulder in an emergency.Solo use la banquina en una emergencia.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to assume)
a. cargar con
You will shoulder the consequences of your actions.Cargarás con las consecuencias de tus actos.
5. (to push)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Hank shouldered the bookcase against the wall.Hank empujó la estantería con el hombro contra la pared.
I had to shoulder my way through the crowd.Tuve que abrirme paso a empujones por la multitud.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
shoulder
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (of person)
a. el hombro
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
shoulder to shoulderhombro con hombro
2. (fig)
a.
to rub shoulders with somebodycodearse con alguien
3. (fig)
a.
to be looking over one's shoulderestar inquieto(a)
4. (fig)
a.
to cry on somebody's shouldercoger a alguien de paño de lágrimas
shoulder bagbolsa de bandolera
shoulder bladeomóplato m
shoulder padhombrera f
shoulder straptirante m
5. (of meat)
a. la paletilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
6. (along road)
a. el arcén
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
b. el acotamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
c. la banquina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(River Plate)
d. el hombrillo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Venezuela
(Venezuela)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (push)
a.
to shoulder one's way through a crowdabrirse paso a empujones entre la multitud
to shoulder somebody asideapartar a alguien de un empujón (del hombro)
8. (put on shoulder)
a. echarse al hombro
9. (fig)
a. asumir (responsibility)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
shoulder [ˈʃəʊldəʳ]
noun
1 (Anat) hombro (m)
She wept in silence, her shoulders shaking
to have broad shoulders ser ancho de espaldas; tener mucho aguante
they carried him shoulder high le llevaron a hombros
he was carried out on their shoulders le sacaron a hombros
he looks like he's carrying the world on his shoulders
all the responsibilities fell on his shoulders tuvo que cargar con todas las responsabilidades
to look over one's shoulder mirar por encima del hombro
I looked over my shoulder
to look over sb's shoulder mirar por encima del hombro de algn; vigilar a algn
He looked over his friend's shoulder to read the newspaper article
to carry sth over one's shoulder llevar algo en hombros
to stand shoulder to shoulder estar hombro con hombro
They worked shoulder to shoulder on the plans through the night
to give sb the cold shoulder dar de lado a algn
to cry on sb's shoulder desahogarse con algn
she needed a shoulder to cry on
to put one's shoulder to the wheel arrimar el hombro
to rub shoulders with sb codearse con algn
to give sb sth straight from the shoulder decir algo a algn sin rodeos
2 [of coat etc] hombro (m)
padded shoulders hombreras (f)
this jacket doesn't fit, the shoulders are too tight
3 [of meat] lomo (m)
shoulder of mutton
4 [of hill, mountain] lomo (m)
5 [of road] arcén (m)
transitive verb
1 (carry) llevar al hombro; (pick up) poner al hombro
He shouldered his bike and walked across the finish line The rest of the group shouldered their bags, gritted their teeth and set off
shoulder arms! ¡armas al hombro!
2 [+burden, responsibility] cargar con
He has had to shoulder the responsibility of his father's mistakes
to shoulder the blame cargar con la culpa
3 (push)
to shoulder sb aside apartar a algn a un lado de un empujón
to shoulder one's way through abrirse paso a empujones
he shouldered me out of the way the policeman rushed past him, shouldering him aside He shouldered past Harlech and opened the door
modifier
shoulder bag (n) bolso (m) de bandolera
shoulder blade (n) omóplato (m)
shoulder flash (n) (Mil) charretera (f)
shoulder holster (n) pistolera (f)
shoulder joint (n) articulación (f) del hombro
shoulder pad (n) hombrera (f)
shoulder patch (n)
shoulder flash See culture box in entry shoulder.
shoulder strap (n) tirante (m); [of satchel] bandolera (f); (Mil) dragona (f)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Word Roots
Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root.
Loading roots
Examplesloading
Learn Spanish with Fluencia
Try Fluencia, the new Spanish learning program from SpanishDict.
  • Fun and interactive
  • Highly effective
  • Easy to use
  • Works on any device
Start Learning