relieve

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relieve(
ruh
-
liv
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to ease)
a. aliviar
Rita used cold water to relieve the pain of the burn.Rita usó agua fría para aliviar el dolor de la quemadura.
b. mitigar
I'm taking pills to relieve the pain.Tomo pastillas para mitigar el dolor.
c. atenuar
The patient is looking for a way to relieve the symptoms of depression.El paciente está buscando una manera de atenuar los síntomas de la depresión.
2. (to appease)
a. tranquilizar
It relieved me when my daughter called to say she was safe.Mi hija me tranquilizó cuando me llamó para decirme que estaba a salvo.
3. (to take the place of)
a. relevar
Hold your position until Lieutenant Barnes relieves you.Manténgase en su puesto hasta que el teniente Barnes lo releve.
4. (to discharge; used with "of")
a. relevar de
The officer was relieved of his command for attacking a soldier.El oficial fue relevado del mando por agredir a un soldado.
5.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to set free)
a. liberar (a city or town)
The Allies relieved this city a month before the end of the war.Los aliados liberaron esta ciudad un mes antes de que terminara la guerra.
b. eximir (a person)
My mother relieved me from doing domestic chores for being a good student.Mi madre me eximió de hacer tareas domésticas por ser buena estudiante.
6.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to help; used with "of")
a. dar una mano con
I would appreciate it if you could relieve me of the house chores.Te agradecería si me pudieras dar una mano con los quehaceres domésticos.
b. echar una mano con
New personnel was hired to relieve us of some of the administrative work.Se contrató a más personal para echarnos una mano con las tareas administrativas.
c. ayudar con
Thank you for relieving me of this stressful situation.Gracias por ayudarme con esta situación tan estresante.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to steal; used with "of")
a. afanar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Last time I walked down that street I was relieved of my cell phone and watch.La última vez que pasé por esa calle me afanaron el celular y el reloj.
b. birlar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
I had to walk home from the concert because I was relieved of my wallet.Tuve que volver caminando a casa porque me birlaron la cartera.
c. rapar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Colombia
(Colombia)
She was relieved of her watch.Le raparon el reloj.
d. raponear
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in Colombia
(Colombia)
I was relieved of my purse on the beach.Me raponearon el bolso en la playa.
8.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to urinate)
a. orinar
I drank so much water I had to relieve myself.Bebí tanta agua que tuve que orinar.
b. orinarse (unintentionally)
A first grade student relieved himself in class.Un alumno de primer año se orinó encima.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
relieve
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (alleviate; pain, anxiety, problem)
a. aliviar
2. (tension, boredom)
a. atenuar, mitigar
to feel relievedsentirse aliviado(a)
3. (euph)
a.
he relieved himselfhizo sus necesidades
4. (replace)
a. relevar
5. (liberate; city)
a. liberar
to relieve somebody from a dutyliberar a alguien de una obligación
6. (hum)
a.
to relieve somebody of his walletbirlarle a alguien la cartera
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
relieve [rɪˈliːv]
transitive verb
1 (alleviate) [+sufferings, pain, headache] aliviar; [+burden] aligerar; [+tension, boredom, anxiety] disipar; aliviar
to relieve the boredom of the journey para que el viaje se haga menos aburrido; the plain is relieved by an occasional hill de vez en cuando una colina rompe con la monotonía de la llanura
2 (ease) [+person's mind] tranquilizar
it relieves me to hear it me tranquiliza saberlo
3 [+feelings, anger] desahogar
to relieve one's feelings desahogarse; I relieved my feelings in a letter me desahogué escribiendo una carta
4
to relieve o.s. (go to lavatory) ir al baño; hacer pis (informal)
5 (release)
to relieve sb from doing sth to relieve sb of anxiety this relieves us of financial worries
to relieve sb of a duty exonerar a algn de un deber; to relieve sb of a post destituir a algn; he was relieved of his command fue relevado de su mando; let me relieve you of your coat permítame tomarle el abrigo; to relieve sb of his wallet quitar la cartera a algn; robar la cartera a algn
6 (Mil) [+city] descercar; socorrer; [+troops] relevar
I'll come and relieve you at six vengo a las seis a relevarte
7
to relieve the poor (help) socorrer a los pobres
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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