grate

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Listen to an audio pronunciation
grate(
greyt
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (culinary)
a. rallar
Grate a little chocolate over the top of the cake.Ralla un poco de chocolate encima de la torta.
2. (to scrape)
a. hacer chirriar
I hate it when the teacher grates the chalk over the blackboard.Me saca de quicio cuando el profesor hace chirriar la tiza en la pizarra.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to make a harsh noise)
a. rechinar
I heard a key grating in the lock.Oí rechinar una llave en la cerradura.
b. chirriar
The gate was rusty and grated on its hinges.El portón estaba herrumbrado y las bisagras chirriaban.
4. (to jar; used with "on")
a. crispar a
Her endless enthusiasm and cheerfulness sometimes grated on me.Su inagotable entusiasmo y alegría a veces me crispaban.
b. poner de los nervios a
His high-pitched voice really grates on me.Su voz aguda me pone de los nervios.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (fireplace)
a. la chimenea
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There was a fire already laid in the grate.Ya había fuego encendido en la chimenea.
6. (metal grid)
a. la rejilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A burning coal fell off the grate onto the floor of the hearth.Un pedazo de carbón ardiendo cayó de la rejilla al piso del hogar.
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grate
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (cheese, nutmeg)
a. rallar
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (machinery)
a. chirriar, rechinar
to grate on the earchirriar al oído
it really grates on my nervesme ataca los nervios
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
grate [ɡreɪt]
transitive verb
1 [+cheese etc] rallar
grated cheese queso (m) rallado
2 (scrape) [+metallic object, chalk etc] hacer chirriar
to grate one's teeth hacer rechinar los dientes
intransitive verb
1 [+chalk, hinge etc] chirriar;on, against al desplazarse por
2
it really grates (on me) me pone los pelos de punta; to grate on the ear hacer daño a los oídos; it grates on my nerves me pone los nervios de punta; me destroza los nervios
grate [ɡreɪt]
noun
(grid) parrilla (f); (fireplace) chimenea (f);
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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