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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to repress)
a. contener
Dan could no longer restrain his passion for Amanda and told her he loved her.Dan ya no pudo contener su pasión por Amanda y le dijo que la quería.
b. reprimir
Tatiana barely managed to restrain the anger she felt when they stole her car.Tatiana logró a duras penas reprimir la rabia que sintió cuando le robaron el coche.
c. refrenar
When I smell freshly ground coffee beans I can't restrain my desire to have a cup of coffee.Cuando siento el olor de café recién molido no puedo refrenar el deseo de tomarme un café.
d. dominar
If you don't learn to restrain your emotions, all is lost.Si no aprendes a dominar tus emociones, todo está perdido.
2. (to stop)
a. contener
Tony saw a girl get attacked downtown and he restrained the assailant until the police arrived.Tony vio que atacaban a una chica en el centro y contuvo al agresor hasta que llegó la policía.
b. sujetar
How can I restrain my dog from running away when I take him for a walk?¿Cómo puedo sujetar a mi perro para que no salga corriendo cuando lo llevo de paseo?
c. mantener atado (with a cord)
For safety's sake, you should restrain your dog when you take him in the car.Por seguridad, debes mantener atado a tu perro cuando lo llevas en el coche.
3. (to contain oneself)
a. contenerse
Every time Claudia meets a celebrity on the street, she can't restrain herself and screams.Cada vez que Claudia se encuentra con una persona famosa en la calle, no puede contenerse y grita.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (person, crowd, dog, one's curiosity)
a. contener
2. (passions, anger)
a. reprimir, dominar
to restrain somebody from doing somethingimpedir a alguien que haga algo
to restrain oneselfcontenerse, controlarse
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
restrain [rɪsˈtreɪn]
transitive verb
1 (hold back) refrenar; (repress) reprimir; (dissuade) disuadir; (prevent) impedir; (inhibit) cohibir
to restrain sb from doing sth (dissuade) disuadir a algn de hacer algo; (physically prevent) impedir a algn hacer algo; kindly restrain your friend haga el favor de refrenar a su amigo
2 (contain) contener; (confine) encerrar
I managed to restrain my anger logré contener mi enojo; to restrain o.s. contenerse; to restrain o.s. from doing sth dominarse para que no haga algo; but I restrained myself pero me contuve; pero me dominé; please restrain yourself! ¡por favor, cálmese!
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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