past
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Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
past(
pahst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time before the present)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That belongs in the past. It's time to move on.Eso pertenece al pasado. Es hora de seguir adelante.
2. (of a city or country)
a. la historia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The country is finding it difficult to break free from its past.Al país le está resultando difícil liberarse de su historia.
3. (grammar)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, the past of regular verbs is formed by adding -ed at the end.En inglés, el pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo -ed al final.
b. el pretérito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The past is used to describe repeated past actions.El pretérito se usa para describir acciones repetidas en el pasado.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (former)
a. anterior
He starts by reviewing past research on the subject.Empieza por revisar las anteriores investigaciones sobre el tema.
b. antiguo
The past and current presidents met to discuss the initiative.El antiguo presidente y el actual presidente se reunieron para discutir la iniciativa.
5. (most recent)
a. último
Prices have increased during the past year.Los precios han subido durante el último año.
6. (over)
a. remoto
Those days are long past.Aquellos tiempos ya son muy remotos.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
7. (with place)
a. por delante de
The bus goes past the park.El bus pasa por delante del parque.
b. mas allá de
My house is just past the bridge.Mi casa está un poco más allá del puente.
8. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past two.Son las dos y diez.
9. (outside the range of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How old is he? - He can't be past 25.¿Cuántos años tiene? - No puede tener más de 25.
I wouldn't put it past him to use force.Yo lo creo muy capaz de recurrir a la fuerza.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
10. (with verbs of motion)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Bullets were whizzing past.La balas pasaban zumbando.
They drove past the store to see if it was open.Pasaron en coche por la tienda a ver si estaba abierta.
11. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past already.Ya son y diez.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
past
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (general)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
in the pasten el pasado
it is a thing of the pastes (una) cosa del pasado
to live in the pastvivir en el pasado
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (general)
a. pasado(a)
those days are pastesos días han pasado
in times pasten otros tiempos, en tiempos pasados
to be a past master at somethingser un/una maestro(a) consumado(a) en algo
the past weekla última semana
3. (grammar)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
past participleparticipio pasado or pasivo
past perfectpasado pluscuamperfecto
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
4. (beyond)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
a little past the bridgepoco después del puente, justo pasado el puente
to walk past the housepasar por delante de la casa
it is past four (o'clock)son más de las cuatro
half past fourlas cuatro y media
a quarter past fourlas cuatro y cuarto
twenty past fourlas cuatro y veinte
I'm past caringya me trae sin cuidado
5. (colloquial)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
to be past itestar para el arrastre
6. (colloquial)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I wouldn't put it past herella es muy capaz (de hacerlo)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
7. (general)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
to walk or go pastpasar (caminando)
to run pastpasar corriendo
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
past [pɑːst]
adverb
1 (in place)
she walked slowly past pasó despacio
the days flew past los días pasaron volando
to march past desfilar
to run/rush past pasar corriendo/precipitadamente
2 (in time)
it's ten past son y diez; I've been waiting since half past llevo esperando desde y media
preposition
1 (in place) (passing by) por delante de
we went past your house pasamos por delante de tu casa; we drove past a flock of sheep pasamos al lado de un rebaño de ovejas con el coche
(beyond) más allá de
just past the town hall un poco más allá del Ayuntamiento; it's the first house past the park es la primera casa después del parque
first you have to get past a fierce dog antes de entrar vas a tener que vértelas con un perro fiero
we couldn't get past the crowds of people no pudimos abrirnos paso entre la muchedumbre
she just pushed past me pasó pegándome un empujón
to run past sb pasar a algn corriendo
2 (in time)
quarter/half past four las cuatro y cuarto/media; at twenty past four a las cuatro y veinte; it's past twelve son las doce pasadas; it's long past the time he normally gets back él normalmente hubiese llegado hace tiempo
it's past your bedtime ya tenías que estar durmiendo
3 (beyond the limits of)
he's past 40 tiene más de 40 años; it's past mending ya no tiene remedio
it's past belief es increíble
I'm past caring ya me trae sin cuidado
it's past endurance es intolerable
to be past it [+person] estar para el arrastre (informal)
he's past it
those jeans are a bit past it esos vaqueros ya están como para jubilarlos (informal)
I wouldn't put it past him no me extrañaría en él; lo creo capaz hasta de eso
adjective
1 (previous) [+occasion] anterior
past experience tells me not to trust him sé por experiencia que no debo fiarme de él
I'm not interested in his past life no me interesa su pasado
we must have met in a past life seguro que nos hemos conocido en una vida anterior
in past years en años anteriores
2 (former) antiguo
past president of ... antiguo presidente de ...; ex presidente de ...; her past and present pupils sus alumnos de ayer y de hoy
3 (most recent, last) último
the past few weeks have been hell las últimas semanas han sido un verdadero infierno; she has got worse in the past few days su condición ha empeorado en los últimos días; what has happened over the past week/year? ¿qué ha pasado en la última semana/el último año?
4 (over)
all that is past now todo eso ya ha pasado; todo eso ya ha quedado atrás; what's past is past lo pasado, pasado (está); those days are past now aquellos tiempos pasaron ya
for some time past de un tiempo a esta parte
in times past antiguamente; antaño (literary)
noun
1 (past times)
the past el pasado; you mustn't dwell on the past no debes pensar demasiado en el pasado; you can't change the past no puedes cambiar el pasado
[in] [the] past
in the past it was considered bad manners to ... antes or antiguamente se consideraba de mala educación hacer ...
I've always done it like this in the past yo siempre lo he hecho así
you're living in the past estás viviendo en el pasado
it's a thing of the past pertenece a la historia
2 [of person] pasado (m); [of place] historia (f)
a woman with a past una mujer con pasado; a town with a past una ciudad con historia
3 (Ling) pasado (m); pretérito (m)
modifier
past participle (n) (Ling) participio (m) pasado or pasivo
past perfect (n) (Ling) pluscuamperfecto (m)
past tense (n) (Ling) (tiempo (m)) pasado (m)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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