Indicative vs. Subjunctive 
Cheat Sheet
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to perceive sounds)
a. oír
I could hear the professor perfectly from the back of the room.Pude oír al profesor perfectamente desde el fondo de la sala.
b. escuchar
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
The music is very loud, and I can't hear what you're saying.La música está muy alta y no escucho lo que dices.
2. (to discover)
a. oír
From what I have heard, we are all going to be laid off.Por lo que he oído, nos van a despedir a todos.
3. (to listen to)
a. oír
I've heard what you had to say, and I still don't agree with you.He oído lo que tenías que decir, y sigo sin estar de acuerdo.
b. escuchar
Hear me out before jumping to conclusions.Escúchame antes de llegar a cualquier conclusión.
4. (legal)
a. ver
The Supreme Court will begin hearing the case next month.La Corte Suprema comenzará a ver el caso el mes que viene.
5. (religion)
a. oír
Every Sunday, we see Catholics go to the church in our neighborhood to hear Mass.Cada domingo, vemos a los católicos ir a la iglesia del barrio a oír misa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
6. (to perceive sounds)
a. oír
My father cannot hear out of his right ear.Mi padre no puede oír de su oído derecho.
7. (to get news)
a. tener noticias de
I have not heard from my son in weeks.No he tenido noticias de mi hijo desde hace semanas.
b. enterarse de
I heard about your husband's promotion. Congratulations!Me enteré del ascenso de tu marido. ¡Enhorabuena!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (endorsement)
a. sí, señor
Hear, hear! I second the motion.¡Sí, señor! Secundo la moción.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (perceive)
a. oír
to hear somebody speakoír hablar a alguien
I could hardly hear myself speakapenas se oía
she was struggling to make herself heard over the noisese esforzaba por hacerse oír en medio del ruido
let's hear it for…aplaudamos a…
2. (colloquial)
I've heard that one before!¡no me vengas con ésas! ¡a otro perro con ese hueso!
3. (listen to)
a. escuchar
hear me outescúchame antes
hear! hear!¡sí señor!, ¡eso es!
4. (law)
to hear a casever un caso
5. (find out)
a. oír
I heard that she was in Spainhe oído (decir) que estaba en España
I hear you're getting marriedtengo entendido que te vas a casar
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
6. (general)
I can't hear properlyno oigo bien
to hear from somebodytener noticias de alguien, saber de alguien
you'll be hearing from my lawyer!¡mi abogado se pondrá en contacto con usted!
to hear about somethingsaber de algo
they were never heard of againnunca se supo nada más de ellos
that's the first I've heard of it!es la primera noticia que tengo
I've never heard of such a thing!¡nunca he oído hablar de nada semejante!
I won't hear of it!¡no quiero ni oír hablar de ello!
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hear [hɪəʳ] heard (past)
transitive verb
1 (perceive) [+voice, sound] oír
can you hear me? ¿me oyes?; I can't hear you no te oigo; I can't hear a thing no oigo nada; I heard someone come in he oído entrar a alguien; I heard you talking to her te oí hablar con ella; I never heard such rubbish! ¡en mi vida he oído tantos disparates!
we heard the bells ringing out she heard no further sounds the trumpet can be heard all over their house "I was hot" I could still hear Charlotte say with her delicious French accent people who, maybe, had hardly heard the word until a year or two ago
did you hear what he said? ¿has oído lo que ha dicho?
let's hear it for ... un aplauso para ...
I could hardly make myself heard apenas pude lograr que se me oyera
I have heard it said that ...I've heard tell that ... he oído decir que ...
I can't hear myself think el ruido no me deja pensar or concentrarme
2 (discover, be told) oír
piece of news
have you heard the news? ¿has oído la noticia?; ¿te has enterado de la noticia?; what's this I hear about you getting married? ¿qué es eso que he oído de que te vas a casar?; from what I hear, she hasn't long to live por lo que he oído parece que le queda poco tiempo de vida; I waited to hear the result me quedé esperando para enterarme del resultado; I hear bad reports of him no me hablan bien de él; I'm glad to hear it me alegro; I'm sorry to hear it lo siento; where did you hear that? ¿quién te ha dicho eso?
have you heard the story about her going to Paris?
to hear that ... enterarse de que ...; I heard you're going away me he enterado de que te vas; I hear you've been ill me he enterado de que or he oído decir que has estado enfermo
when I heard that ... he had heard that the trophy had been sold
I haven't heard yet whether I've passed aún no sé si he aprobado
he wanted to hear how I was, and the baby
have you heard anything of or from him since he left? ¿has sabido algo or has tenido noticias de él desde que se fue?
the first I heard of it was when ... lo primero que supe al respecto fue cuando ...
that's the first I've heard of it no tenía ni idea; es la primera noticia que tengo
you haven't heard the last of this! ¡aquí no se acaba esto!
have you heard the one about ...? ¿te sabes el de ...?
3 (listen to) [+radio programme, story] escuchar; oír; [+lecture] escuchar
to hear him (talk) you'd think he was an expert por la forma en que habla, cualquiera creería or diría que es un experto
I heard this play on the radio the other day we gathered round to hear the news on the radio you can hear commentary on the match in about half an hour's time I don't think you've ever heard Doris talking about her emotional life before you should hear it played by a professional orchestra "how many times have I heard that before?" Merchant complained angrily once you've heard one of her lectures you'll realize how brilliant she is
I've heard it all before ya conozco la historia
Lord, hear our prayers Señor, escucha nuestras plegarias or súplicas
to hear sb speak (in public) escuchar a algn
I was the first one to hear her speak again after the accident I was surprised to hear him speak in such a way I've never once heard you speak of anyone without sneering I went twice to hear him speak at Madison Square Garden
he likes to hear himself talk le gusta escucharse a sí mismo
4 (Jur) [+case] ver
he had to wait months before his case was heard the jury have heard evidence from defence witnesses
5 (Rel)
to hear mass oír misa
we heard Mass sung in Spanish in old mountain churches
intransitive verb
1 (perceive) oír
I can't hear no oigo; if you don't get out I'll call the police, (do) you hear? si no te vas llamaré a la policía, ¿me oyes?; he doesn't or can't hear very well no oye muy bien
to hear about sth/sb
I heard about it from Maria me enteré por María; lo supe a través de María; did you hear about Liz? ¿te enteraste de lo de Liz?; I don't want to hear about it no quiero oír hablar del tema
I'm sorry to hear about your bad luck the rumours I've been hearing about for years
to hear from sb saber de algn; tener noticias de algn
have you heard from him lately? ¿has sabido algo de él últimamente?; ¿has tenido noticias de él últimamente?; I hear from my daughter every week tengo noticias de mi hija todas las semanas; hoping to hear from you (in letter) esperando recibir noticias tuyas; you will be hearing from my solicitor mi abogado se pondrá en contacto con usted; the police are anxious to hear from anyone who may know her la policía pide a todos los que la conozcan que se pongan en contacto con ellos; what are you hearing from people there? ¿qué opina or dice allí la gente?
drop us a line - it's always great to hear from you you will hear from me soon what we are hearing from the grass roots is a completely different story What are you hearing from Red Cross officials in Vukovar about the situation there? I'm hearing from Moscow there aren't enough vaccines to go round I'm hearing from Republicans that this speech is the most important one of the campaign
to hear of sth (come across) oír hablar de algo; (become aware of) saber de algo
many people haven't heard of reflexology muchas personas no han oído hablar de la reflexología; I've never heard of such a thing! ¡en mi vida he oído cosa igual!; I heard of this school through Leslie supe de esta escuela por or a través de Leslie
when I heard of it
I won't hear of it! (allow) ¡ni hablar!; I offered to pay but she wouldn't hear of it me ofrecí a pagar pero dijo que ni hablar; I always wanted to be an actor but Dad wouldn't hear of it siempre quise ser actor pero papá no me dejó
he wanted to go after her but his friends wouldn't hear of it
to hear of sb (come across) oír hablar de algn; (have news of) saber de algn; tener noticias de algn; everyone has heard of her todo el mundo ha oído hablar de ella or sabe quién es; he wasn't heard of for a long time no se supo nada de él or no se tuvieron noticias de él durante mucho tiempo; he was never heard of again nunca se supo más de él
I've never heard of him
hear! hear! (bravo) ¡sí señor!; ¡eso, eso!
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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