he/she had done
-había hecho
Past perfecthe/sheconjugation ofdo.


When "do" is used as an auxiliary verb, it is not translated in Spanish. See senses 21 to 25.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to perform)
a. hacer
Don't think about it, just do it.No lo pienses, hazlo.
I haven't done my homework yet.Aún no hice los deberes.
2. (to study)
a. hacer
I'm going to do Spanish next year.Voy a hacer español el año que viene.
3. (to work as)
a. dedicarse a
What do you do for a living?¿A qué te dedicas?
4. (film, theater, television)
a. poner (play)
The school did Macbeth this year.Pusieron Macbeth en el colegio este año.
b. hacer de (role)
I did Romeo in a high-school production.Hice de Romeo en una producción del colegio.
5. (a distance)
a. hacer
We did the whole distance in less than two hours.Hicimos toda la distancia en menos de dos horas.
6. (a speed)
a. ir a
She was doing more than 100 miles an hour when she crashed.Iba a más de 100 millas por hora cuando chocó.
7. (to visit)
a. visitar
We did Riviera Maya last summer.Visitamos la Riviera Maya el verano pasado.
8. (to cook)
a. hacer
Are you doing turkey for Thanksgiving?¿Vas a hacer pavo para el Día de Acción de Gracias?
b. preparar
The chef did an amazing seven-layer cake.El chef preparó un pastel impresionante de siete pisos.
9. (to fix)
a. arreglar
I need to get someone to come and do the kitchen ceiling.Necesito contratar a alguien que venga a arreglar el techo de la cocina.
b. peinar (hair)
Where do you have your hair done?¿Dónde te peinan?
c. hacer (nails)
I have to do my nails before going out.Tengo que hacerme las uñas antes de salir.
10. (to achieve)
a. lograr
He did it!¡Lo logró!
11. (to impersonate)
a. imitar
The comedienne who hosts the show does a mean Hillary Clinton.La humorista que presenta el programa imita de maravilla a Hillary Clinton.
12. (products or goods)
a. hacer
Can you do me a discount for cash?¿Me puede hacer un descuento por pago en efectivo?
b. tener (in a store)
Do you do this in black?¿Tienen esto en negro?
c. servir (in a bar or restaurant)
We don't do evening meals.No servimos cenas.
13. (a period of time)
a. pasar
I did five years in a boarding school.Pasé cinco años en un internado.
b. cumplir (a sentence)
He did ten years for armed robbery.Cumplió diez años por robo a mano armada.
14. (harm, damage or good)
a. hacer
A vacation will do you good.Unas vacaciones te harán bien.
15. (an effort)
a. hacer
I did my best.Hice todo lo que pude.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
a. consumir
Do you do drugs?¿Consumes drogas?
b. tomar
No thanks, I don't do drugs.No gracias, no tomo drogas.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g., joint, john).
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society.
(to have sex with)
a. coger
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g., joint, john).
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society.
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I'd do Jim's sister, wouldn't you?Yo cogería la hermana de Jim, ¿tú no?
b. follar
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g., joint, john).
A word or phrase that is crude, indecent, and generally rejected by society.
Regionalism used in Spain
I don't know about you, but I'd do him!No sé lo que harías tú, ¡pero yo lo follaría!
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
18. (to get on)
a. ir
She was doing well in her new job.Le iba bien en su nuevo trabajo.
19. (to behave)
a. hacer
Be good and do as Mommy says.Sé bueno y haz lo que te dice mami.
20. (to be satisfactory or enough)
a. valer
There are no pears left, but apples will do.No quedan peras, pero las manzanas valdrán.
b. ser suficiente
About a dozen should do.Una docena más o menos será suficiente.
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
auxiliary verb
21. (to form questions)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Did she leave?¿Se marchó?
Do you want to play with me?¿Quieres jugar conmigo?
22. (to form negatives)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He doesn't care.No le importa.
We didn't make it.No lo conseguimos.
23. (in tag questions)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He never apologized, did he?Nunca se disculpó, ¿no?
You know her, don't you?La conoces, ¿verdad?
24. (for emphasis)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Do sit down!¡Tome asiento, por favor!
I do like the ring, honest. It's beautiful!De veras que me gusta el anillo. ¡Es muy lindo!
25. (to replace a verb)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Did he ask her out? - No, he didn't.¿Le pidió salir? - No.
Does she work at home? - Yes, she does.¿Trabaja en casa? - Sí.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
a. la fiesta
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They are having a birthday do next Saturday.Van a celebrar una fiesta de cumpleaños el sábado que viene.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
a. el peinado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A gust of wind messed up her do.Una ráfaga de viento le estropeó el peinado.
28. (music)
a. el do
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Let's warm up our voices with some scales: do, re, mi, ...Calentemos las voces con unas escalas: do, re, mi, ...
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
1. do (m) (Mus)
auxiliary verb
En el inglés hablado, y en el escrito en estilo coloquial, las formas negativas do not, does not y did not se transforman en don't, doesn't y didn't. Como verbo transitivo do, unido a muchos nombres, expresa actividades, como to do the gardening, to do the ironing y to do the shopping. En el presente diccionario, estas estructuras se encuentran bajo los nombres respectivos.
(3rd person singular does [d?z], pt did [d?d], pp done [d?n])
1. (not translated in negatives and questions)
  • I don't speak Spanish no hablo español
  • I didn't see him no lo vi
  • do you speak Spanish? ¿hablas español?
  • did you see him? ¿lo viste?
  • don't you speak Spanish? ¿no hablas español?
  • didn't you see him? ¿no lo viste?
2. (for emphasis)
  • she DOES speak Spanish! ¡sí que habla español!
  • I DIDN'T see him! ¡te digo que no lo vi!
3. (substituting main verb)
  • she writes better than I do escribe mejor que yo
  • he has always loved her and still does siempre la ha querido y todavía la quiere
  • if you want to speak to him, do it now si quieres hablar con él, hazlo ahora
  • do you speak Spanish? ? no I don't ¿hablas español? ? no
  • did you see him? ? I did ¿lo viste? ? sí
4. (in tag questions)
  • you speak Spanish, don't you? tú hablas español, ¿no?
  • John lives near here, doesn't he? John vive cerca de aquí, ¿verdad?
  • they said they'd come early, didn't they? dijeron que vendrían pronto, ¿no?
  • you didn't see him, did you? tú no lo viste, ¿verdad?
transitive verb
5. hacer (in general)
  • what are you doing? ¿qué haces?, ¿qué estás haciendo?
  • what do you do? ¿a qué te dedicas?, ¿en qué trabajas? (what's your job?)
  • what can I do for you? ¿qué desea?, ¿puedo ayudarle en algo?
  • it just isn't done! ¡eso no se hace!, ¡eso no está bien! (is not acceptable behavior)
  • the car was doing 150 km per hour el coche iba a 150 kms por hora
  • they do good food here aquí hacen muy buena comida
  • that hairstyle does nothing for her ese peinado no le favorece nada
  • this music doesn't do anything for me (familiar) esta música no me dice nada
  • to do French/physics estudiar francés/física (at school, university)
  • to do the housework hacer las labores de la casa
  • to do one's hair peinarse, arreglarse el pelo
  • to do one's teeth lavarse los dientes
6. (familiar)
  • to do drugs tomar drogas
  • to be done estar hecho(a) (food)
  • have you done complaining? ¿has terminado ya de quejarte?
  • I've been done! (familiar) ¡me han tangado or timado! (cheated)
7. (familiar) (prosecute)
  • he was done for fraud lo empapelaron por fraude
intransitive verb
8. (perform, act)
  • she did well/badly le fue bien/mal
  • he does well/badly at school le va bien/mal en el colegio
9. (suffice)
  • it will/won't do será/no será suficiente
  • that'll do! ¡ya basta or vale! (español de España)
  • this will never do! ¡esto es intolerable!
  • to make do arreglárselas, apañárselas
10. (finish)
  • hasn't she done yet? ¿no ha terminado aún?
  • do's and don'ts reglas (f pl) básicas
11. fiesta (f) (familiar) (party, celebration)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
do [duː] does (present:singular:3rd_person)did (past)done (participle:past)
transitive verb
1 hacer
what are you doing tonight? ¿qué haces esta noche?
that was a stupid thing to do!
I would never do a thing like that yo nunca haría una cosa así; what's this doing on my chair? ¿qué hace esto en mi silla?; I've got nothing to do no tengo nada que hacer; he does nothing but complain no hace más que quejarse
there's nothing to be done about it "are you going to apologize to him?" — "I shall do nothing of the sort"
what's to be done? ¿qué se puede hacer?; what's the weather doing? ¿qué tal tiempo hace?
to do sth again volver a hacer algo; hacer algo de nuevo
it will have to be done again habrá que volver a hacerlo; habrá que hacerlo de nuevo
what's he ever done for me? ¿qué ha hecho él por mí?
she has done so much for this country
what can I do for you? ¿en qué puedo servirle?; ¿qué se le ofrece?; (LAm) could you do something for me? ¿me podrías hacer un favor?; what are we going to do for money? ¿de dónde vamos a sacar dinero?
what does he do for a living?
that dress doesn't do a lot for you este vestido no te queda muy bien; the new measures will do a lot for small businesses las nuevas medidas serán de gran ayuda para las pequeñas empresas; after the accident she couldn't do much for herself después del accidente casi no podía valerse por sí misma
Weaver is absolutely brilliant and she has done a lot for women with her strong part in the film
if you do anything to him I'll kill you si le haces algo te mato
what's he done to his hair? ¿qué se ha hecho en el pelo?; I could see what the stress was doing to him era evidente cómo le estaba afectando el estrés
what are you doing to that poor cat?
what have you done with my slippers? ¿dónde has puesto mis zapatillas?
what am I going to do with you? ¿qué voy a hacer contigo?; what are you doing with yourself these days? ¿qué haces ahora?; what am I going to do with myself for the rest of the day? ¿qué puedo hacer el resto del día?; she didn't know what to do with herself once the children had left home se encontró un poco perdida cuando sus hijos se fueron de casa
2 (carry out) [+work, essay] hacer
the work is being done by a local builder un albañil de la zona está haciendo el trabajo; I've got a few jobs that need doing around the house tengo algunas cosas que hacer en la casa; she was doing the crossword estaba haciendo el crucigrama; to do the washing hacer la colada
Some [do] + noun combinations require a more specific Spanish verb:
Edmund does all the accounts Edmund se encarga de or lleva la contabilidad
to do the cooking cocinar
he did a drawing/portrait of her la dibujó/retrató; hizo un dibujo/retrato de ella
to do one's duty (by sb) cumplir con su deber (con algn)
to do the ironing planchar
we did a lot of talking hablamos mucho
3 (clean)
to do the dishes lavar los platos
to do the silver limpiar la plata
to do one's teeth lavarse los dientes
4 (arrange, prepare) [+vegetables] preparar; [+room] hacer; arreglar
this room needs doing hay que hacer or arreglar esta habitación
to do the flowers arreglar las flores
to do one's nails hacerse or arreglarse las uñas
to do one's [hair] who does your hair? to have one's hair done
5 (spend) pasar
he did six years (in jail) pasó seis años en la cárcel; he did two years as ambassador in Lagos estuvo dos años como embajador en Lagos; I did five years as a policeman fui policía durante cinco años; they have to do two years military service tienen que hacer dos años de servicio militar
6 (finish)
I've only done three pages solo he hecho tres páginas; now you've (gone and) done it! (informal) ¡ahora sí que la has hecho buena! (informal); that's done it! (informal) we're stuck now ¡la hemos fastidiado! (informal) ahora no podemos salir de aquí; that does it! (informal) that's the last time I lend him my car ¡es el colmo! or ¡hasta aquí hemos llegado!, es la última vez que le dejo el coche; have you done moaning? ¿has acabado de quejarte?
7 (offer, make available)
they do a summer course in painting dan un curso de verano de pintura; we only do one make of gloves solo tenemos una marca de guantes; they do an estate version of this car fabrican un modelo familiar de este coche; we do evening meals if ordered in advance servimos cenas si se encargan con antelación; I can do you a discount on this model le puedo hacer un descuento en este modelo
8 (study) [+university course, option] hacer; estudiar
I want to do Physics at university quiero hacer or estudiar física en la universidad; to do Italian hacer or estudiar italiano; we're doing Orwell this term estamos estudiando a Orwell este trimestre
9 (Teat) [+play] representar; poner; [+part] hacer
he did King Lear in a BBC production hizo (el papel) de King Lear en una producción de la BBC
10 (mimic) [+person] imitar
he does his maths master to perfection imita a su profesor de matemáticas a la perfección; she was doing the worried mother bit (very_informal) hacía el numerito de la típica madre preocupada (informal)
11 (Aut) (Ferro) etc (travel at) [+speed] ir a; (cover) [+distance] cubrir
the car can do 100 miles per hour el coche puede ir a 100 millas por hora; the car was doing 100 miles per hour el coche iba a 100 millas por hora; we've done 200km already ya hemos hecho 200km; we did London to Edinburgh in 8 hours fuimos de Londres a Edimburgo en 8 horas
12 (attend to)
the barber said he'd do me next el barbero dijo que después me tocaría a mí; they do you very well in this hotel en este hotel te dan muy buen servicio
she does her guests proud
13 (visit) [+city, museum] visitar; recorrer; [+country] visitar; viajar por
to do the sights
we did six countries in an 8-week tour visitamos seis países durante un viaje de 8 semanas
we'll be doing York tomorrow, before we go on to Edinburgh you have to do the Louvre if you go to Paris
14 (be suitable, sufficient for)
will a kilo do you? ¿le va bien un kilo?; that'll do me nicely (be suitable) eso me vendrá muy bien; (suffice) con eso me basta
that won't do him
15 (cheat) estafar; timar; (rob) robar
I've been done! ¡me han estafado or timado!
16 (prosecute) procesar; (fine) multar
she was done for shoplifting la procesaron por robar en una tienda; he was done for speeding le multaron por exceso de velocidad
17 (beat up) dar una paliza a
I'll do you if I get hold of you! ¡te voy a dar una paliza como te pille!
intransitive verb
1 (act) hacer
do as I do haz como yo
you would do better to accept sería aconsejable que aceptaras
he did right hizo lo correcto
do as you think best haga lo que mejor le parezca
do as you are told! ¡haz lo que te digo!
she was up and doing at 6 o'clock a las 6 de la mañana ya estaba levantada y trajinando
you would do well to take his advice harías bien en seguir su consejo
you could do a lot worse than marry her casarte con ella no es lo peor que podrías hacer
he did well to take your advice
2 (get on)
he did badly in the exam le fue mal en el examen
the team hasn't done badly this season al equipo no le ha ido mal esta temporada; you didn't do so badly no lo has hecho del todo mal
you can do better than that (essay, drawing) puedes hacerlo mejor; (find better excuse) ¡y qué más!
your great-grandmother died? you can do better than that, can't you?
how is your father doing? ¿cómo está tu padre?; ¿cómo le va a tu padre?
how are you doing? ¿qué tal?; ¿cómo te va?; how did you do in the audition? ¿qué tal or cómo te fue en la audición?
he's doing well at school le va bien en el colegio
her son's doing well for himself a su hijo le van muy bien las cosas; his business is doing well los negocios le van bien; the patient is doing well el paciente está respondiendo bien; the roses are doing well this year las rosas han florecido muy bien este año
the party did badly in the elections
how do you do? (greeting) ¿cómo está usted?; gusto en conocerlo; (LAm) (as answer) ¡mucho gusto!; ¡encantado!
3 (be suitable)
it doesn't do to upset her cuidado con ofenderla
it would never do to show one's disagreement
will this one do? ¿te parece bien este?
this room will do esta habitación ya me va bien; will it do if I come back at eight? ¿va bien si vuelvo a las ocho?; will tomorrow do? ¿iría bien mañana?; it's not exactly what I wanted, but it will or it'll do no es exactamente lo que quería pero servirá; this coat will do as a blanket este abrigo servirá de manta; that will have to do tendremos que conformarnos con eso
that won't do, you'll have to do it again así no está bien, tendrás que volver a hacerlo
you can't go on your own, that would never do! no podemos consentir que vayas sola, ¡eso no puede ser!
this one will do to make do you'll have to make do with £15
4 (be sufficient) bastar
three bottles of wine should do bastará con tres botellas de vino
will £20 do? ¿bastarán 20 libras?; ¿tendrás bastante con 20 libras?
that'll do con eso basta; that will do! ¡basta ya!; that will do for the moment de momento ya está bien
5 (happen)
there's not much doing in this town no hay mucha animación en esta ciudad; "could you lend me £50?" — "nothing doing!" —¿me podrías prestar 50 libras? —¡de ninguna manera! or —¡ni hablar!
6 (finish) (in past tenses only) terminar; acabar
have you done? ¿ya has terminado or acabado?; don't take it away, I've not done yet no te lo lleves, ¡aún no he terminado or acabado!; I haven't done telling you ¡no he terminado de contarte!
I've done with travelling ya no voy a viajar más; he renunciado a los viajes
I've done with all that nonsense ya no tengo nada que ver or ya he terminado con todas esas tonterías; have you done with that book? ¿has terminado con este libro?
7 (clean) hacer la limpieza (en casa)
I've got a lady who does for me tengo una señora que me viene a hacer la limpieza en la casa
the woman who does for me
auxiliary verb
There is no equivalent in Spanish to the use of do in questions, negative statements and negative commands.
1 (in questions)
do you understand? ¿comprendes?; ¿entiendes?
do you know him?
where does he live? ¿dónde vive?
didn't you see him?
didn't you like it? ¿no te gustó?; why didn't you come? ¿por qué no viniste?
2 (negation)
I don't understand no entiendo or comprendo; don't let's argue no discutamos; don't worry! ¡no te preocupes!; don't you tell me what to do! ¡no me digas lo que tengo que hacer!; she did not go no fue
3 (for emphasis)
do tell me! ¡dímelo, por favor!; do sit down siéntese, por favor; tome asiento, por favor (formal)
I DO feel better
she does look lovely in that dress está preciosa con este vestido; I do hope so así lo espero
I DO so wish I could
I do wish I could come with you ¡ojalá pudiera ir contigo!; but I do like it! ¡sí que me gusta!; ¡por supuesto que me gusta!; so you do know him! ¡así que sí lo conoces!; but I did do it pero sí que lo hice
4 (with inversion)
rarely does it happen that ... rara vez ocurre que ...; not once did they offer to pay no se ofrecieron a pagar ni una sola vez
5 (verb substitute)
I spoke before you did
you speak better than I do tú hablas mejor que yo; "did you fix the car?" — "I did" —¿arreglaste el coche? —sí; "I love it" — "so do I" —me encanta —a mí también
"I hate liver" — "so do I" neither do we
I don't like sport and neither does he no me gusta el deporte ni a él tampoco; you didn't see him but I did tú no lo viste pero yo sí; I told him he'd fail and he did le dije que iba a suspender y suspendió; he went for a walk as he often did fue a dar un paseo como solía hacer; she always says she'll come but she never does siempre dice que vendrá pero nunca viene; "he borrowed the car" — "oh he did, did he?" —pidió el coche prestado —¿ah sí? ¡no me digas!; I like this colour, don't you? me gusta este color, ¿a ti no?; "do you speak English?" — "yes, I do/no I don't" —¿habla usted inglés? —sí, hablo inglés/no, no hablo inglés; "may I come in?" — "(please) do!" —¿se puede pasar? —¡pasa (por favor)!; "who made this mess?" — "I did" —¿quién lo ha desordenado todo? —fui yo; "shall I ring her again?" — "no, don't!" —¿la llamo otra vez? —¡no, no la llames!
(in question tags)
he lives here, doesn't he? vive aquí, ¿verdad? or ¿no es cierto? or ¿no?; I don't know him, do I? no lo conozco, ¿verdad?; it doesn't matter, does it? no importa, ¿no?
(so) you know him, do you?
she said that, did she? ¿eso es lo que dijo?
1 (Britain) (party) fiesta (f); (formal gathering) reunión (f)
they had a big do for their twenty-fifth anniversary dieron una gran fiesta por su vigésimo quinto aniversario
2 (in phrases)
the do's and don'ts of buying a house lo que debe y lo que no debe hacerse al comprar una casa
he gave us a series of dos and don'ts nos explicó lo que podíamos y lo que no podíamos hacer
fair dos! (be fair) ¡hay que ser justo!; ¡seamos justos!; (fair shares) ¡a partes iguales!
it's a [poor] do
it's a poor do when ... es una vergüenza cuando ...
do [dəʊ]
(Mús) do (m)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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