An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (corpulent)
a. fat
Ese gato está tan gordo que no alcanza saltar al sofá.That cat is so fat it can't jump onto the couch.
b. overweight
Los luchadores de sumo tienen que ser gordos.Sumo wrestlers have to be overweight.
c. heavy
El chico gordo decidió ponerse en forma.The heavy boy decided to get in shape.
2. (not thin)
a. thick
Tengo que leer un libro gordo para mi clase de historia.I have to read a thick book for my history class.
3. (complicated)
a. big
Te vas a meter en un lío gordo si sigues así.You're going to get yourself into big trouble if you keep carrying on like that.
b. serious
Mi hermana me marcó para contarme que le pasó algo gordo en el DF.My sister called me to tell me something serious happened to her in Mexico City.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
masculine or feminine noun
4. (overweight person)
a. fat person
Se burlaron de mí porque soy gordo.They made fun of me for being a fat person.
b. fat man (masculine)
Yo estaba sentado entre dos gordos.I was sitting between two fat men.
c. fat woman (feminine)
La gorda que tenía adelante caminaba más lento que yo.The fat woman in front of me walked more slowly than I.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
masculine noun
5. (term of endearment)
a. dear
Te ves muy bien, gordo.You look wonderful, dear.
6. (part of a cut of meat)
a. fat
Quítale el gordo a la carne antes de meterla al sartén.Remove the fat from the meat before putting it in the pan.
7. (prize)
a. jackpot
Pues, como me gané el gordo, ¡voy a renunciar!Well, since I won the jackpot, I'm going to quit!
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (persona)
a. fat
está más gordo que anteshe's put on weight
2. (colloquial)
me cae gordoI can't stand him
3. (grueso)
a. thick
4. (colloquial)
a. big, serious
me pasó algo muy gordo con élsomething very serious happened to me with him
5. (fig)
armar la gordato kick up a row o stink
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (persona obesa)
a. fat man, fat woman
los gordosfat people
7. (en lotería)
a. first prize, jackpot
le tocó el gordohe won first prize, he won the jackpot
gordoa gorda
1 [+persona] (obeso) fat; (corpulento) stout; plump
está más gordo que nunca he's fatter than ever
caer gordo a algn
ese tipo me cae gordo I can't stand that guy (familiar)
2 [+cosa, hecho] big
fue el desastre más gordo de su historia it was the biggest o worst disaster in their history; ha pasado algo muy gordo something major has happened; una mentira de las gordas a big fat lie (familiar); y lo más gordo fue que ... and then to cap it all ... (familiar)
3 [+comida, sustancia] greasy; oily
tocino gordo fatty bacon
4 [+agua] hard
5 [+lienzo, hilo] coarse
6 (Chile) (querido) darling (familiar)
fat man/woman
¡gordo! fatty! (familiar); fatso! (familiar)
1 (Culin) fat; suet
2 (premio) jackpot; big prize
ganar el gordo to hit the jackpot; win the big prize
sacarse el gordo to bring home the bacon (familiar)
El Gordo, "the fat one", refers to a large lottery jackpot, particularly the one offered in the Spanish Lotería Nacional at Christmas. The Sorteo Extraordinario de Navidad takes place on December 22 and the jackpot is worth several million pounds to the holder or holders of the winning number. Because of the cost of buying an entire number, people generally buy décimos (tenth-part shares), which means the total winnings are usually shared out between a number of people.
note See culture box in entry lotería.
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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