dear
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
dear(
dir
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (beloved)
a. querido
John is a very dear friend of ours.John es un amigo nuestro muy querido.
2. (written salutation)
a. querido
Dear Tom, How are the children?Querido Tom: ¿Cómo están tus hijos?
b. estimado
Dear Mrs. Robinson, Your order will arrive within a week.Estimada Sra. Robinson: Su pedido llegará dentro de una semana.
c. distinguido
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Dear Dr. García, Enclosed you will find the information you requested regarding the ultrasound probe.Distinguido Dr. García: Adjunto encontrará la información solicitada sobre la sonda de ultrasonido.
3. (adorable)
a. adorable
Alicia's a dear little girl.Alicia una niñita adorable.
b. majo
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
Mercedes's son is a dear little thing.El hijo de Mercedes es un chico muy majo.
4. (precious)
a. preciado
Our first dollar is very dear to us. That's why we have it framed and up on the wall.Nuestro primer dólar es muy preciado para nosotros. Por eso lo tenemos enmarcado y colocado en la pared.
5. (expensive) (United Kingdom)
a. caro
The wedding turned out to be very dear. It cost over 100,000 pounds!La boda resultó muy cara. ¡Costó más de 100,000 libras!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
6. (used to express surprise or distress)
a. vaya
Dear God! How are we going to sort it out?¡Vaya por Dios! ¿Cómo vamos a solucionarlo?
b. ay
Dear! That looks like a nasty cut.¡Ay! Qué fea se ve esa cortada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (term of endearment)
a. cariño
Are you ready yet, dear?¿Ya estás lista, cariño?
b. cielo
Come on, dear. Be good and eat your peas.A ver, cielo. Sé bueno y cómete los guisantes.
8. (sweetheart)
a. el encanto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She's a real dear and always helps me with my shopping.Es un verdadero encanto y siempre me ayuda con la compra.
b. bueno
Be a dear and change the baby's diaper.Sé bueno y cambia el pañal del bebé.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
9. (at a high price) (United Kingdom)
a. caro
They sell fruit really dear at that stall.La fruta se vende muy cara en ese puesto.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
dear
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (loved)
a. querido(a)
to hold something/somebody dearapreciar mucho algo/a alguien
a dear friendun amigo muy querido
my dearest wish is that…mi mayor deseo es que…
a place dear to the hearts of…un lugar muy querido para…
2. (colloquial)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
to run for dear lifecorrer desesperadamente
3. (in letter)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Dear SirMuy Sr. mío
Dear MadamMuy Sra. mía
Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Sir/MadamMuy Sres. míos
Dear Mr ThomasEstimado Sr. Thomas
Dear AndrewQuerido Andrew
My dearest GertrudeQueridísima Gertrude
4. (expensive)
a. caro(a)
5. (exclamation)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
oh dear!¡vaya!
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
6. (general)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
poor dearpobrecito(a)
my dearcariño mío, mi amor
be a dear and…sé bueno y…
7. (colloquial)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
an old dearuna viejecita
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
8. (to buy, sell)
a. caro
9. (fig)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
it cost me dearme costó muy caro
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
dear [dɪəʳ]
adjective
dearer (comparative)dearest (superlative)
1 (loved) querido
she's a very dear friend of mine es una amiga mía muy querida; my dearest friend mi amigo más querido; mi amigo del alma
at last I'm back in my dear little house I loved my dear old grandad
2 (lovable)
he's a dear boy, but rather impetuous es un chico muy majo, pero un poco impulsivo; what a dear little boy! ¡este niño es un encanto!; what a dear little necklace that is! ¡qué bonita que es esa gargantilla!
3 (precious)
to hold sth dear apreciar algo
the values and beliefs which our society holds dear los valores y las creencias que nuestra sociedad aprecia; I had to leave everything I held most dear tuve que dejar atrás todas las cosas que más quería
Eames lost all that he held dear with the deaths of his friends Labour has dumped just about all it held dear a decade ago Our public services, education, the things we hold dear, are all disintegrating
his family life was very dear to him su familia era muy importante para él
your country is very dear to me tengo su país en mucha estima; it is a subject dear to her heart es uno de sus temas preferidos
to be dear to sb's heart this subject is very dear to the hearts of academics for dear [life] she clung on to the boat for dear life she was crying and hanging on to him for dear life
4 (in letter writing)
Dear Daddy Querido papá; Dear Peter Estimado Peter; (to closer friend) Querido Peter; Dear Mr/Mrs Smith Estimado Sr./Estimada Sra. Smith; (more formally) Distinguido Sr./Distinguida Sra. Smith; Dear Mr and Mrs Smith Estimados señores (de) Smith
Dear Madam Estimada Señora; Muy señora mía; De mi/nuestra consideración; especially (LAm)
Dear Sir(s) Estimado(s) Señor(es); Muy señor(es) mío(s); De mi/nuestra consideración; especially (LAm)
Dear Sir or Madam Estimado Señor(a)
5 (form of address) querido
my dear fellow, I won't hear of it amigo mío or mi querido amigo, ni se le ocurra; my dear girl, nothing could be further from the truth querida, estás muy equivocada
of course, my dear fellow, of course take as long as you like, dear boy my dear girl, how could you be so silly! Eddie, dear boy, could you pass me that book?
6 (expensive) [+product, shop, price] caro
they're too dear their policies will result in dearer mortgages organic vegetables are up to three times dearer things are getting dearer all the time dearer mortgages would cripple the housing market
dear money (Economics) dinero (m) caro
interjection
oh dear!, dear me!, dear, dear!
dear, dear, have you hurt your knee? ¡ay, mi niño! ¿te has hecho daño en la rodilla?
dear me, it's nearly one o'clock! ¡madre mía, es casi la una!
oh dear, we're going to be late vaya hombre or vaya por Dios, vamos a llegar tarde
dear, oh dear, look at the mess you're in! ay, Dios mío or qué horror, ¡mira qué desastre vienes hecho!
noun
(as form of address) cariño (m)
come along, dear ven, cariño
don't do that please, dear it's on the table, dear esp to children to adult, child that'll be 40 pence please, dear
would you be a dear and pass me my book? anda, sé bueno y pásame el libro
be a dear and pass me the salt be a dear and phone him
(you) poor dear! ¡pobrecito!
he's such a dear es un cielo; es un encanto
adverb
[+sell, buy, pay] caro
it cost me dear me costó caro
such complacency is costing the company dear
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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