excuse me
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
excuse me(
ehk
-
skyuz
 
mi
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to attract attention)
a. perdón
Excuse me. Could I have a menu, please?Perdón, ¿me puede traer un menú, por favor?
b. disculpe
Excuse me. Is this the right train for New York?Disculpe, ¿es este el tren para ir a Nueva York?
2. (used to ask for something to be repeated)
a. perdone
Excuse me; I didn't hear what you said.Perdone, no oí lo que dijo.
b. cómo (less formal)
Have you seen Anna? - Excuse me?¿Has visto a Anna? - ¿Cómo?
3. (used to apologize)
a. perdone
Excuse me! I thought this seat was free.¡Perdone! Pensé que este asiento estaba libre.
b. perdón
I didn't realize you were in a meeting. Excuse me.No me di cuenta de que estabas en una reunión. Perdón.
4. (used to ask permission to go past)
a. permiso
He didn't even say "excuse me"; he just barged past.Ni siquiera dijo "permiso", pasó a empujones.
5. (used to ask to be allowed to deal with something else)
a. permítame
Please excuse me a minute. I need to check something.Permítame un momento, por favor. Tengo que comprobar algo.
6. (used to object or disagree)
a. un momento
Excuse me! I was first in line.¡Un momento! Yo estaba primero.
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excusar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
excusar(
ehks
-
koo
-
sahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to justify)
a. to excuse
Laura excusó el comportamiento de su hermano argumentando que estaba muy estresado.Laura excused her brother's behavior by saying that he was under too much stress.
2. (to make apology for)
a. to apologize for
Excuso las acciones de mi esposo. Está muy alterado desde que se enteró de la muerte de su madre.I apologize for my husband's actions. He has been very upset since he found out about his mother's death.
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(to prevent)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to avoid
Con mi novio hablo de todo, pero excuso hablar de relaciones anteriores.I talk about everything with my boyfriend, but I avoid talking about previous relationships.
4. (to release from an obligation)
a. to exempt from
Me excusaron de asistir a la reunión porque mi padre se puso enfermo.I was exempted from attending the meeting because my father became ill.
excusarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to excuse oneself)
a. to apologize
El alumno se excusó con el profesor por su mal comportamiento en clase.The student apologized to the teacher for his bad behavior in class.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
excusar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (disculpar a)
a. to excuse
2. (disculparse por)
a. to apologize for
3. (evitar)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to avoid
excuso decir que…there's no need for me to say that…
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (general)
a. to apologize, to excuse oneself
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
excusar
transitive verb
1 (disculpar) to excuse
excúsame con los otros apologize to the others for me
2 (evitar) [+disgustos] to avoid; prevent
así excusamos disgustos this way we avoid difficulties; podemos excusar lo otro we can forget about the rest of it; we don't have to bother with the rest; excusamos decirle que ... we don't have to tell you that ...; por eso excuso escribirte más largo so I can save myself the trouble of writing at greater length
3 (eximir) to exempt;de from
pronominal verb
excusarse (disculparse) to apologize;con to
excusarse de haber hecho algo to apologize for having done sth
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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Word Roots
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