el excedente
-the excess
See the entry for excedente.


An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (that is remaining)
a. excess
El sastre utilizó el material excedente para hacer una corbata.The tailor used the excess material to make a tie.
b. surplus
La empresa vendió el stock excedente a un precio rebajado.The company sold the surplus stock at a lower price.
2. (temporarily not working)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. on leave
El senador está excedente hasta que finalice su tratamiento médico.The senator is on leave until he completes his medical treatment.
b. on leave of absence
Dos empleados de la sucursal de Barcelona están excedentes.Two employees of our branch in Barcelona are on leave of absence.
3. (laid off)
a. redundant
El sindicato reclama la reincorporación de los trabajadores excedentes.The union is demanding that the redundant workers be reincorporated.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
masculine noun
4. (remainder)
a. excess
Debemos regular el proceso de producción para tratar de reducir el excedente.We should regulate the production process in an attempt to reduce the excess.
b. surplus
Utilizaremos el dinero para pagar las deudas. Si queda un excedente, podemos invertirlo.Use the money to pay off the debts first. If there's a surplus, we can invest it.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
masculine or feminine noun
5. (temporarily not working)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. person on leave
La profesora de francés es la única excedente en este momento. Va a dar a luz pronto.The French teacher is the only person on leave right now. She's going to give birth soon.
b. person on leave of absence
La empresa le paga a los excedentes el sueldo que cobran normalmente.The company pays people on leave of absence their normal salary.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (producción)
a. surplus
2. (funcionario, empleado)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. on leave
3. (education)
a. on sabbatical
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (persona)
Regionalism used in Spain
a. person on leave
5. (commerce)
a. surplus
excedentes agrícolasagricultural surpluses
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
[+producción] excess; surplus; [+trabajador] redundant;
excess; surplus
excedente empresarial profit margin
excedente laboral surplus of labour; surplus of labor; (EEUU) overmanning
person on leave of absence
excedente forzoso/a person on compulsory leave of absence
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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