excess

A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
1. (excessive amount)
a. el exceso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
An excess of caffeine will produce many of the symptoms associated with stress.Un exceso de cafeína causa muchos de los síntomas asociados con el estrés.
2. (lack of moderation)
a. el exceso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
She drank alcohol regularly, but not to excess.Bebía alcohol con regularidad, pero sin caer en el exceso.
3. (surplus)
a. el exceso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Cover the pie with the pastry and trim off the excess.Cubre el pastel con la masa y retira el exceso.
b. el excedente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
The excess of supply over demand has caused prices to fall.El excedente de oferta en relación con la demanda provocó la caída de los precios.
4. (insurance) (United Kingdom)
a. la franquicia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
A compulsory excess of 100 pounds is typical on most car insurance policies.La franquicia obligatoria típica de la mayoría de pólizas de seguro de automóvil es de 100 libras.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
adjective
5. (excessive)
a. exceso (noun)
The Breathalyzer test found excess alcohol in the driver's blood.La prueba de la alcoholemia reveló un exceso de alcohol en la sangre del conductor.
excesses
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
6. (immoderate acts)
a. los excesos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
It was only in later years that the worst excesses of the dictatorship came to light.Tuvieron que pasar años para que salieran a la luz los peores excesos de la dictadura.
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excess
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
Noun
1. (general)
a. el exceso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
in excess ofmás de
sums in excess of £1,000sumas superiores a or de más de 1.000 libras
to do something to excesshacer algo en exceso
to lead a life of excessllevar una vida de excesos
to pay the excesspagar la diferencia or el suplemento
excess baggageexceso de equipaje
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
excess [ɪkˈses]
noun
1 (surplus) exceso (m)
an excess of [+precautions, enthusiasm, details] un exceso de
the excess of losses over profits
a sum in excess of £100,000 una cifra superior a las 100.000 libras
the painting is expected to fetch in excess of £100,000 se espera que el cuadro se venda por una cifra superior a las 100.000 libras
to do/be sth [to] excess
I don't smoke or drink to excess no fumo ni bebo en exceso
to carry sth to excess llevar algo al extremo
Only a few years ago interest rates in excess of 20 percent would have been unthinkable
2 (overindulgence) excesos (m)
she was sick of her life of excess estaba harta de su vida de excesos
the excesses of the emperor
the excesses of the regime los excesos del régimen; las atrocidades del régimen; (more serious)
3 (Britain) (Insurance) franquicia (f)
adjective
1 (surplus)
always remove excess fat from pork quítele siempre el exceso de grasa a la carne de cerdo; she lost the excess weight she had gained on holiday perdió los kilos de más que había engordado durante las vacaciones; she burns off excess energy by cycling quema el exceso de energía montando en bicicleta
the body gets rid of excess water through the urine the man admitted driving with excess alcohol wash thoroughly to remove excess salt after cooking the fish, pour off any excess fat the major reason for excess weight is excess eating
2 (additional) [+profit, charge] extraordinario
staff who have to travel further can claim excess travel expenses
modifier
excess baggage (n) exceso (m) de equipaje
no excess baggage is allowed
excess demand (n) exceso (m) de demanda
excess fare (n) suplemento (m)
excess luggage (n)
excess baggage See culture box in entry excess.
excess profits tax (n) impuesto (m) sobre los beneficios extraordinarios
excess supply (n) exceso (m) de oferta
excess weight (n) exceso (m) de peso
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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