dar por
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
dar por(
dahr
 
pohr
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to believe to be)
a. to consider
En su casa siempre lo dieron por inútil, pero en realidad es una persona que tiene mucho que ofrecer.He was always considered useless at home, but in reality he's someone who has a lot to offer.
b. to regard...as
Si nos devuelve el dinero que nos robó, daremos el asunto por zanjado y no lo denunciaremos.If you return the money you stole from us, we'll regard the matter as settled and won't report you to the police.
c. to give up for (dead)
Los soldados enemigos la dispararon y la dieron por muerta, pero sobrevivió.The enemy soldiers shot her and gave her up for dead, but she survived.
2. (to become keen on)
a. to take to
A Rosa le ha dado ahora por hacer platos franceses.Rosa has now taken to making French dishes.
b. to take up
Cuando se jubiló, a mi padre le dio por la jardinería.When he retired, my father took up gardening.
c. to be into
Me dijo Valeria que te ha dado por la astrología. ¿Es verdad?Valeria told me you're into astrology. Is it true?
d.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Le ha dado por pensar que va a tener un accidente y le da terror manejar.He's got it into his head that he's going to have an accident and he's terrified of driving.
A Marisa le ha dado por decir que la subestimamos, pero no es verdad.Marisa has started saying that we take her for granted, but it's not true.
darse por
A pronominal verb phrase combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Se dio cuenta del problema.)
pronominal verb phrase
3. (to believe oneself to be)
a. to count oneself
Pueden darse por contentos de no haber perdido el trabajo cuando la empresa redujo su plantilla.They can count themselves lucky they didn't lose their jobs when the company downsized its workforce.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Yo me doy por satisfecho si mis hijos aprueban todos los exámenes, incluso si no sacan muy buenas notas.I'm quite happy with my children passing all their exams, even if they don't get very high grades.
Tuvimos que superar muchos obstáculos para poner el proyecto en marcha, pero nunca nos dimos por vencidos.We had to overcome lots of obstacles to set the project in motion, but we never gave up.
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