A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to wash)
a. limpiar
I usually clean my house on Saturday.Suelo limpiar la casa los sábados.
b. lavar
You should clean the fruit before eating it.Deberías lavar la fruta antes de comerla.
c. borrar
Clean the chalkboard with a wet wipe.Borra la pizarra con una bayeta mojada.
2. (to remove the entrails form)
a. eviscerar
I'm going to clean the fish. Can you peel the potatoes meanwhile?Voy a eviscerar el pescado. Mientras tanto, ¿puedes pelar las papas?
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (not dirty)
a. limpio
I gave my son a clean T-shirt after the game.Le di a mi hijo una camiseta limpia después del partido.
4. (pure)
a. limpio
The water from the stream may seem clean enough to the eye, but it is not drinkable.El agua del arroyo puede parecer limpia a simple vista, pero no es potable.
b. puro
I love the clean air of the mountains.Me encanta el aire puro de las montañas.
c. refrescante
The clean taste of the lemon juice brings out all the other flavors of the salad.El sabor refrescante del jugo de limón hace resaltar todos los demás sabores de la ensalada.
d. no contaminante
We should use clean energy to protect the environment.Deberíamos utilizar energía no contaminante para proteger el medioambiente.
5. (not indecent)
a. decente
No swearwords, only clean language is allowed during our meetings.Ningún taco, solo se permite lenguaje decente en nuestras reuniones.
b. inocente
We should only crack clean jokes when children are around.Solo deberíamos contar chistes inocentes cuando anden los niños por aquí.
6. (even)
a. nítido
The clean strokes are constant in the artist's work.Los trazos nítidos son una constante en la obra del artista.
b. bien definido
The boundaries must be clean to avoid any confusion.Los límites deben estar bien definidos para evitar toda confusión.
7. (untarnished)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He avoided the prison sentence because his criminal record was clean.Evitó la pena de cárcel porque no tenía antecedentes penales.
My son is a great student and has a clean reputation.Mi hijo es gran estudiante y tiene una reputación impecable.
8. (religious)
a. puro
According to some religions, the pig is not a clean animal.Según algunas religiones, el cerdo no es un animal puro.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
(not possessing or doing anything illegal)
a. limpio
After a month in rehab, he was clean.Tras un mes desintoxicándose, estaba limpio.
10. (without interferences)
a. sin problemas
It was a clean operation and everything went as expected.Fue una operación sin problemas y todo ocurrió como estaba previsto.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g., skinny, grandma).
a. por completo
She clean forgot her appointment with the doctor.Se le olvidó por completo su cita con el médico.
12. (fairly)
a. limpio
This team always plays clean.Este equipo siempre juega limpio.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
13. (act of cleaning)
a. la limpieza
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Give the bathroom a good clean with bleach.Dale una buena limpieza al baño con lejía.
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A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (general)
to give something a cleanlimpiar algo
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (not dirty)
a. limpio(a)
he keeps his flat very cleantiene su piso muy limpio
a clean piece of paperuna hoja (de papel) en blanco
a clean gameun juego limpio
clean livingvida sana
driver's licenseno tener puntos de penalización en el carné de conducir, la licencia para conducir
3. (not obscene; humor, joke)
a. sano(a)
4. (language)
a. correcto(a), sin tacos
good clean fundiversión sana
5. (clear; shape, outline)
a. nítido(a)
to make a clean break withromper radicalmente con
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
6. (completely)
to cut clean through somethinghacer un corte a través de algo
7. (colloquial)
I clean forgotme olvidé completamente
8. (colloquial)
to come clean (about something)decir la verdad or sincerarse (acerca de algo)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
9. (general)
a. limpiar
to clean one's teeth/handslimpiarse los dientes/las manos
clean [kliːn]
cleaner (comparative)cleanest (superlative)
1 (not dirty) [+clothes, sheets, floor, face] limpio; [+air, water] limpio; puro
he washed the floor clean fregó el suelo; the rain washed the streets clean la lluvia limpió las calles
the nurse put on a clean dressing to lick a bone clean
to come clean quedar limpio; confesarlo todo
to come clean about sth confesar algo
to have clean hands tener las manos limpias
to wipe sth clean limpiar algo
to make a clean breast of it confesarlo todo
to make a clean sweep (complete change) hacer tabla rasa; (win everything) arrasar
to make a clean sweep of sth (of prizes, awards) arrasar con algo; to make a clean sweep of the votes acaparar todos los votos; barrer
to make a clean sweep of sth to complete a clean sweep ¿añadir "of sth/con algo"? En español suena raro sin eso. VR Roche described the event as `just as hard' as his own island's Manx International race, and his victory completed a clean sweep of the cycling medals for the Isle of Man
as clean as a whistle or new pin limpio como los chorros del oro; limpio como la patena
make sure your hands are clean I've washed it twice but it won't come clean it finally came clean after three washes ...the club made a clean sweep of all three trophies
2 (fresh) [+smell] a limpio; [+taste] refrescante
...the fresh, clean smell of the sea Soft tones of blue and grey create a clean, bright look
3 (new, unused) [+sheet of paper, page] en blanco; en limpio
to make a clean copy hacer una copia en limpio
Take a clean sheet of paper and down the left-hand side make a list
4 (not indecent) [+joke] inocente; [+film, life] decente
keep it clean! ¡no seas indecente!
it's all good clean [fun] >
clean living vida (f) sana
5 (smooth, even) [+movement] fluido; [+shot] certero; [+cut] limpio; [+sound] nítido; claro; [+features, outline] nítido; bien definido
a clean break (Med) una fractura limpia; a clean break with the totalitarian past una ruptura radical con el pasado totalitario
their new leader promised a clean break with the totalitarian past
to make a clean break cortar por lo sano; I need (to make) a clean break with the past necesito romper con el pasado totalmente
to make a clean break with the past
6 (fair) [+fight, game, match] limpio; [+player] que juega limpio
7 (untarnished) [+image, reputation] bueno; impecable
they gave him a clean bill of health le declararon en perfecto estado de salud
a clean driving licence un carnet de conducir sin infracciones
to have a clean record (gen) tener un historial limpio; (no criminal record) no tener antecedentes penales
we have a clean safety record nuestro historial de seguridad está limpio or no registra incidentes
The first thing you need is a client with a clean record Applicants must have a clean driving licence
8 (environmentally friendly) [+machine, substance, energy] no contaminante
9 (Nuclear Physics) (uncontaminated) [+area, person, object] no contaminado;
10 (ritually pure) [+animal] puro
11 (trouble-free) [+operation, job, getaway] sin problemas
They were more concerned about the dogs' welfare than a clean getaway Paul had arrested countless men like this one before and was expecting a clean, quick job
12 (innocent)
they can't touch me, I'm clean no me pueden hacer nada, tengo las manos limpias (informal)
13 (not in possession of drugs, weapon, stolen property)
to be clean
he's clean no lleva nada encima; his room was clean no encontraron nada en su habitación
1 (completely)
he clean forgot lo olvidó por completo; he got clean away se escapó sin dejar rastro; it went clean through the window pasó limpiamente por la ventana; I'm clean out of them no me queda ni uno; he jumped clean over the fence saltó la valla limpiamente
the shot went clean through his forehead
2 (fairly)
to fight/play clean luchar/jugar limpio
limpieza (f); aseo (m); (LAm) (wash) lavado (m)
the windows could do with a clean no estaría de más limpiar las ventanas; to give sth a clean limpiar algo; to give sth a quick clean dar una pasada (rápida) a algo; to give sth a good clean limpiar algo bien
to give the car a clean
transitive verb
[+room, carpet, windows, shoes] limpiar; [+vegetables, clothes] lavar; [+car] lavar; limpiar; [+blackboard] borrar; [+wound, cut] desinfectar
to clean one's teeth lavarse los dientes
to clean the windows
intransitive verb
1 (around the house) limpiar
her mother cooked and cleaned all day su madre se pasaba el día cocinando y limpiando
2 (be cleaned)
that floor cleans easily este suelo es muy fácil de limpiar
furniture that cleans well
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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