Short-Form Adjectives in Spanish
Some Spanish adjectives need to be shortened when they come before a noun. The fancy term for this shortening process is apocopation.
Common Shortened Adjectives
Quite a few common adjectives are shortened when they are used before a noun, especially if that noun is singular and masculine. Here's a list of some you're likely to come across.
|Original Adjective||Shortened Adjective||English|
Cualquier or Cualquiera?
The adjective cualquiera is always shortened to cualquier when it comes before a singular masculine noun.
When it comes before a singular feminine noun, cualquiera can be shortened to cualquier or left as is. Latin American speakers tend to use the shortened form, while speakers of Peninsular Spanish tend to leave the adjective in the original long form.
The short form of grande is not used when
- it's used in the comparative or superlative
- it's used in an exclamatory with the word cuán
- when it appears in coordination with other adjectives