Grammar Guide
Adjectives
Superlative Adjectives in Spanish

Superlative Adjectives in Spanish

Quick Answer

Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more nouns. They are often used to talk about the most or the least of something.

Adjectives are used to compare and contrast nouns in Spanish in comparisons of equality, comparisons of inequality, and in superlatives. We'll focus on superlatives in this article.

Forming Superlative Adjectives

To form superlative adjectives in Spanish, you will use a formula very similar to that used to form comparative adjectives, with the important addition of the definite article.

Regular Superlative Adjectives

The formulas for forming regular superlative adjectives are found below.

Regular Superlative Formulas

Most formula: definite article (el, la, los, las) + más + adjective

Least formula : definite article (el, la, los, las) + menos + adjective

Mi madre es la más inteligente de la familia.
My mother is the most intelligent one in the family.
Mi hermano es el menos responsable de la familia.
My brother is the least responsible one in the family.

Irregular Superlative Adjectives

For adjectives that have single-word comparative and superlative forms, such as mejor (best) and peor (worst), you do not use más or menos.

The formulas for forming irregular superlative adjectives are found below.

Irregular Superlative Formula

definite article (el, la, los, las) + superlative adjective

Mi padre es el mayor de sus hermanos.
My father is the oldest of his brothers.
Esta película es la mejor de todas.
This movie is the best of all of them.

Here are some examples of very common irregular superlative adjectives.

Irregular Superlatives

AdjectiveSuperlative FormEnglish
viejo
mayor
oldest
grande
mayor
biggest/largest
joven
menor
youngest
pequeño
menor
smallest
bueno
mejor
best
mal
peor
worst

-ísimo Adjectives

You can also add -ísimo to an adjective (and even some adverbs) to talk about an extreme degree of something. This handy suffix may be translated as very, really, extremely, super, and quite.

¡Esta comida es buenísima!
This food is the best!
Las chicas allí son bellísimas.
Those girls over there are really beautiful.

Common -ísimo Adjectives

Below you will find a list of useful -ísimo adjectives.

AdjectiveEnglish-ísimo AdjectiveEnglish
cómico
funny
comiquísimo
really hilarious
blanco
white
blanquísimo
very white
fresco
fresh
fresquísimo
super fresh
largo
long
larguísimo
very long
amargo
bitter
amarguísimo
really bitter
antiguo
old
antiquísimo
very old
agradable
nice
agradabilísimo
super nice
feliz
happy
felicísimo
extremely happy
caliente
hot
calentísimo
really hot

-bilísimo Adjectives

The suffix -ble tends to change to -bil when used with -ísimo.

Adjective-bilísimo AdjectiveEnglish
agradable
agradabilísimo
really nice
amable
amabilísimo
really nice
notable
notabilísimo
really outstanding
miserable
misirabilísimo
really miserable

-císimo Adjectives

When an adjective ends in -n, -dor, or -or, -ísimo usually changes to -císimo.

Adjective-císimo AdjectiveEnglish
inferior
inferiorcísimo
quite inferior
hablador
habladorcísimo
very talkative
joven
jovencísimo
very young

-érrimo Adjectives

Many qualitative adjectives that have an r in the final syllable do not always take the -ísimo ending, but instead take the -érrimo ending.

Adjective-érrimo AdjectiveEnglish
acre
acérrimo
extremely bitter
célebre
celebérrimo
extremely famous
libre
libérrima
extremely free
mísero
misérrimo
extremely wretched
salubre
salubérrima
extremely healthy

Quiz: Superlative Adjectives in Spanish

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