NounsStart first lesson
Adjectives Ending in -o
When you look up an adjective in the dictionary, it is always in the masculine singular form. In other words, it always ends in -o. Adjectives that end in -o have four possible endings, one each for masculine, feminine, singular, and plural. These types of adjectives make up the majority of adjectives in Spanish.
The following examples demonstrate how to make an adjective that ends in -o agree with a noun.
Adjectives Ending in -e
Adjectives that end in -e do not change according to gender. They are used with both masculine and feminine nouns in the singular form, though they do change in number.
Let’s see this in practice.
Adjectives Ending in -ista
Adjectives that end in -ista follow the same rule as adjectives ending in -e. They only change in number, not gender.
Let’s take a look at some examples.
Adjectives Ending in a Consonant
Most adjectives that end in a consonant do not have a feminine form, but they do change in number. To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural, add -es to the singular ending.
Adjectives Ending in a Consonant: Exceptions to the Rule
Adjectives Ending in -or, -ón, -án, and -ín
Unlike other adjectives ending in a consonant, these adjectives do change in number and gender, so they have four forms. Simply add -a, -es, or -as to the masculine singular form and delete the written accent if necessary.
Adjectives Ending in -z
For adjectives ending in -z in the singular, change the z to a c before adding the plural ending.
Adjectives that Add an Accent in the Plural
The adjective jovenadds an accent in the plural.
Adjectives ending in -es
Many nationalities in Spanish end in -es, such as francés, japonés, and nepalés. These change in number and gender. However, the adjectives cortésand descortésare an exception and only change in number.
Noun-Adjective Agreement with Nouns with Irregular Gender
Words beginning with stressed a, such as agua, alma, or hambre, use the article el even though they are feminine. When using these nouns with an adjective, the adjective needs to be in the feminine form.
Noun-Adjective Agreement with Short-Form Adjectives
Some Spanish adjectives need to be shortened when they come before a masculine singular noun.
|Original Adjective||Short-Form Adjective||Example|
Quite a few common adjectives are shortened when they are used before a masculine and singular noun. Here's a list of some you're likely to come across.
|Original Adjective||Short-Form Adjective||English|
Learn all about adjectives in Spanish with these articles!