How to Say “Dog” in Spanish

Quick Answer

dog = el perroor la perra

Gender

In Spanish, many animals have a fixed grammatical gender that has nothing to do with the animal’s biological sex. For example la jirafa(giraffe) is a feminine noun. For other animals, like dog, we use the masculine form (el perro) to refer to a male and the feminine form (la perra) to refer to a female.

When you are speaking generally about a dog or when you don’t know a dog’s gender, you can use the masculine form perro.

Let’s check out some examples!

examples
¿De quién es ese perro?
Whose dog is that?
¿Tienes alguna mascota? - Sí, tengo dos perros.
Do you have any pets? - Yes, I have two dogs.
Mi amiga vive con su novio Johnny y su perra June.
My friend lives with her boyfriend Johnny and his dog June.

Breeds of Dogs

Many dog breed names in English are exactly the same in Spanish, such as bulldog, labrador, and chihuahua. Here is a list of common dog breed names that have a different translation in Spanish!

SpanishEnglish
bóxer
boxer
caniche
poodle
cobrador doradoo labrador doradogolden retriever
dálmata
Dalmatian
doguillo
pug
galgo
greyhound
pastor alemán
German shepherd
perro esquimal
husky
perro salchicha
dachshund
San Bernardo
St. Bernard
perro de Terranova
Newfoundland

Vocabulary for Dog Owners

¿Tienes un perro?(Do you have a dog?) Take a look at the following list of vocabulary so you can talk about your dog in Spanish!

SpanishEnglish
alimentaror dar de comerto feed
cachorro
puppy
chucho
mutt
collar
collar
comida para perros
dog food
correa
leash
dormir
to sleep
enterrar
to bury
golosina
treat
hueso
bone
jugar
to play
jugar a la pelota
to catch
ladrar
to bark
pasear
to walk
pelo
fur
perro callejero
stray dog
truco
trick

Let’s put these words into context!

examples
Acuérdate de darle de comer al perro antes de salir de la casa.
Remember to feed the dog before leaving the house.
El perro de mi vecino ladra mucho.
My neighbor’s dog barks a lot.
La perra de Maite tuvo seis cachorros.
Maite's dog had six puppies.

Need help pronouncing the rolled r in perro? Check out this article!