Quick answer
"Work" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "trabajar", and "miss school" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "faltar a la escuela". Learn more about the difference between "work" and "miss school" below.
work(
wuhrk
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to be employed)
a. trabajar
I work from 9 am to 5 pm.Trabajo de 9 am a 5 pm.
2. (to operate)
a. funcionar
The washing machine doesn't work.La lavadora no funciona.
b. andar
That clock works off batteries.Ese reloj anda con pilas.
3. (to have effect)
a. funcionar
This ointment works quickly to relieve irritated skin.Esta pomada funciona rápidamente para aliviar las pieles irritadas.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to manage)
a. manejar
I am often employed to work a crane.Me contratan a menudo para manejar la grúa.
b. operar
You shouldn't work heavy machinery after taking those pills.No se debe operar maquinaria pesada después de tomar esas pastillas.
5. (to make work)
a. hacer trabajar
They starved us and worked us non-stop.Nos mataban de hambre y nos hacían trabajar sin descanso.
6. (to achieve)
a. hacer
The ointment works wonders on rashes.La pomada hace maravillas para los sarpullidos.
7. (to cultivate)
a. labrar
My grandparents are sad that there is no one left to work the land.Mis abuelos están tristes que no haya quien labre la tierra.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (activity)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I hope my work contributes to the fight against pollution.Espero que mi trabajo contribuya a la lucha contra la contaminación.
9. (employment)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My work is all-consuming.Mi trabajo consume todo mi tiempo.
10. (place of employment)
a. el trabajo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I had to speak French with a client today at work.Hoy en el trabajo tuve que hablar en francés con un cliente.
11. (product)
a. la obra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That is the work of an intelligent person.Esa es la obra de una persona inteligente.
12. (fine arts)
a. la obra
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
This is a work of fiction.Es una obra de ficción.
works
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
13. (literature)
a. las obras
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I gave Tim the complete works of Shakespeare for his birthday.Le regalé a Tim las obras completas de Shakespeare por su cumpleaños.
14. (construction) (United Kingdom)
a. las obras
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There always seem to be works on that stretch of the motorway.Parece que ese tramo de la autopista siempre está en obras.
15.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(everything)
a. todo entero
I'm so hungry, I'm going to order the works!Tengo tanta hambre que voy a pedir todo entero.
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miss school
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to fail to be present at)
a. faltar a la escuela
Pilar can't miss school. She has a test this week.Pilar no puede faltar a la escuela. Ella tiene un examen esta semana.
b. perder clases
The children missed school due to the hurricane.Los niños perdieron clases debido al huracán.
2. (to long for)
a. extrañar la escuela
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
One week into his summer vacation, Gabriel said he missed school.Después de sólo una semana de sus vacaciones de verano, Gabriel dijo que extrañaba la escuela.
b. hechar de menos la escuela
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
I don't miss school, but I miss my friends.No hecho de menos la escuela pero si me hacen falta mis amigas.
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