Quick answer
"Witness" is a noun which is often translated as "el/la testigo", and "subject" is a noun which is often translated as "el tema". Learn more about the difference between "witness" and "subject" below.
witness(
wihd
-
nuhs
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (eyewitness)
a. el testigo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la testigo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Jim was one of the witnesses to the crime, so the police asked him if he could identify the culprit.Jim fue uno de los testigos del delito, así que la policía le preguntó si podía identificar al culpable.
2. (person who testifies)
a. el testigo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la testigo
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He has decided to be a witness at the trial of his friend's killer.Ha decidido ser testigo en el juicio del asesino de su amigo.
3. (evidence)
a. el testimonio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(formal)
If you bear false witness, you can be accused of having committed perjury.Si das testimonio falso, te puedan acusar de haber cometido perjurio.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to witness)
a. presenciar
Several neighbors witnessed last week's events, but no one came forward to testify.Varios vecinos presenciaron los eventos de la semana pasada, pero nadie se ha presentado a hacer una declaración.
b. ser testigo de
Our best friends witnessed our marriage at the courthouse.Nuestros mejores amigos fueron testigos de nuestro matrimonio en el juzgado.
5. (to attest)
a. atestiguar
The notary witnessed my signature on the loan document.El notario atestiguó mi firma en el documento para el préstamo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to testify)
a. dar testimonio
He told us it was his civic duty to witness at the trial.Nos dijo que era un deber cívico dar testimonio en el juicio.
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subject(
suhb
-
jekt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (person or thing being discussed)
a. el tema
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please don't change the subject.Hazme el favor de no cambiar de tema.
b. el asunto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The war is still a sensitive subject in the Balkans.En los Balcanes la guerra todavía es un asunto delicado.
c. el objeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of condemnation or debate)
The new law has been a subject of intense public debate.La nueva ley ha sido objeto de un debate público intenso.
2. (area of study)
a. la asignatura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My favorite subject is Spanish.Mi asignatura favorita es español.
b. la materia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Which subjects do you teach?¿Qué materias imparte?
3. (grammar)
a. el sujeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, every sentence must have a subject.En inglés, toda oración debe tener un sujeto.
4. (monarchy)
a. el súbdito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la súbdita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was born in Madagascar but has been a British subject since 2000.Nació en Madagascar pero es súbdito británico desde 2000.
5. (in science or medicine)
a. el sujeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
At present, a clinical trial is being carried out with 1000 subjects.En estos momentos, se lleva a cabo un ensayo clínico en el que participan 1000 sujetos.
6. (music)
a. el tema
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
An underlying melody unites the fugue's subject with the prelude.Una melodía de fondo enlaza el tema de la fuga con el preludio.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (under)
a. sujeto
The terms of this contract are subject to the laws of the state.Los términos de este contrato están sujetos a la jurisdicción del estado.
8. (conditional upon)
a. sujeto
The pool hours are subject to changes in the weather.El horario de la piscina está sujeto a los cambios de tiempo.
9. (prone to)
a. propenso
I'm subject to headaches.Soy propensa a los dolores de cabeza.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to force to undergo)
a. someter
A San Diego gang leader subjected several women to slavery conditions.El líder de una pandilla de San Diego sometió a varias mujeres a condiciones de esclavitud.
11. (to subjugate)
a. someter
The Romans subjected the Carthaginians among many other peoples.Los romanos, entre muchos otros pueblos, sometieron también a los cartagineses.
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