Quick answer
"Wish" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "desear", and "past" is a noun which is often translated as "el pasado". Learn more about the difference between "wish" and "past" below.
wish(
wihsh
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to desire)
a. desear
I wish you a very merry Christmas.Te deseo una muy feliz Navidad.
The family wishes to be notified of any change in the patient's condition.La familia desea que se les notifique de cualquier cambio en la condición del paciente.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I wish I could fly.Ojalá pudiera volar.
I wish you'd leave me alone.¿Por qué no me dejas en paz?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to make a wish)
a. desear
It may be naive, but I'll never stop wishing for peace on Earth.Puede que sea ingenuo, pero jamás dejaré de desear paz en la tierra.
b. pedir un deseo
Do you remember that song about wishing upon a star?¿Te recuerdas de esa canción sobre pedirle un deseo a una estrella?
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (desire)
a. el deseo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The genie told him that he could not wish for more wishes.El genio le dijo que no podía pedir más deseos.
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past(
pahst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (time before the present)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That belongs in the past. It's time to move on.Eso pertenece al pasado. Es hora de seguir adelante.
2. (of a city or country)
a. la historia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The country is finding it difficult to break free from its past.Al país le está resultando difícil liberarse de su historia.
3. (grammar)
a. el pasado
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, the past of regular verbs is formed by adding -ed at the end.En inglés, el pasado de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo -ed al final.
b. el pretérito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The past is used to describe repeated past actions.El pretérito se usa para describir acciones repetidas en el pasado.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (former)
a. anterior
He starts by reviewing past research on the subject.Empieza por revisar las anteriores investigaciones sobre el tema.
b. antiguo
The past and current presidents met to discuss the initiative.El antiguo presidente y el actual presidente se reunieron para discutir la iniciativa.
5. (most recent)
a. último
Prices have increased during the past year.Los precios han subido durante el último año.
6. (over)
a. remoto
Those days are long past.Aquellos tiempos ya son muy remotos.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
7. (with place)
a. por delante de
The bus goes past the park.El bus pasa por delante del parque.
b. mas allá de
My house is just past the bridge.Mi casa está un poco más allá del puente.
8. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past two.Son las dos y diez.
9. (outside the range of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How old is he? - He can't be past 25.¿Cuántos años tiene? - No puede tener más de 25.
I wouldn't put it past him to use force.Yo lo creo muy capaz de recurrir a la fuerza.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
10. (with verbs of motion)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Bullets were whizzing past.La balas pasaban zumbando.
They drove past the store to see if it was open.Pasaron en coche por la tienda a ver si estaba abierta.
11. (with time)
a. y
It's ten past already.Ya son y diez.
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