Quick answer
"Winter" is a noun which is often translated as "el invierno", and "spring" is a noun which is often translated as "la primavera". Learn more about the difference between "winter" and "spring" below.
winter(
wihn
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. el invierno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Winter is my least favorite season of the year.El invierno es mi estación menos favorita del año.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (weather)
a. invernal
We've had some terrible winter weather lately.Últimamente hemos tenido un tiempo invernal terrible.
b. de invierno
I need to buy some more winter clothes.Necesito comprar más ropa de invierno.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
3. (to spend the winter; used with "in")
a. invernar
Many migratory birds winter in Africa.Muchos pájaros migratorios inviernan en África.
b. pasar el invierno
My grandparents winter in Florida and summer in Colorado.Mis abuelos pasan el invierno en Florida y el verano en Colorado.
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spring
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (season)
a. la primavera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I love to watch how the robins play in the puddles in spring.Me encanta ver cómo los petirrojos juegan en los charcos en la primavera.
2. (water source)
a. el manantial
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They walked down to the spring to take a dip.Fueron caminando hasta el manantial para echarse un chapuzón.
b. la fuente
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The water from that spring is full of minerals.El agua de esa fuente está llena de minerales.
3. (coil of metal)
a. el muelle
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can feel every spring in this mattress when I sleep.Puedo sentir cada uno de los muelles de este colchón cuando duermo.
b. el resorte
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I need a spring replaced in my watch.Necesito reemplazar uno de los resortes de mi reloj.
4. (leap)
a. el salto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
With a single spring, the cat went from the floor to the counter.Con un solo salto, el gato fue desde el piso hasta la encimera.
b. el brinco
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She gave a spring and landed on the other side of the fence.Ella dio un brinco y calló del otro lado de la cerca.
5. (elasticity)
a. la elasticidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My hairband has lost its spring.Mi cinta para el cabello ya no tiene elasticidad.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
6. (to jump)
a. brincar
All of a sudden, the grasshopper sprang from the leaf to my hand.De repente, el saltamontes brincó de la hoja a mi mano.
b. saltar
The rabbit sprang from the hill to its burrow.El conejo saltó de la colina hasta su madriguera.
7. (to come into being)
a. brotar
The business idea sprang from a conversation he had had with his brother.La idea para el negocio brotó de una conversación que había tenido con su hermano.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
8. (to reveal suddenly)
a. soltar
You can't just spring this conversation on me when I'm about to leave.No puedes soltarme esta conversación justo cuando me voy a ir.
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