Quick answer
"Win" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "ganar", and "lose" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perder". Learn more about the difference between "win" and "lose" below.
win(
wihn
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to be victorious)
a. ganar
If we win this match we're through to the final.Si ganamos este partido, pasamos a la final.
2. (to be awarded)
a. ganar (prize, medal)
The American team won the gold medal in three swimming categories.El equipo americano ganó la medalla de oro en tres categorías de natación.
b. obtener (contract, legislative seat)
The incumbent won the transportation contract for another five years.El titular obtuvo el contrato de transporte para cinco años más.
3. (to acquire)
a. conseguir
I ran in the student council elections and won more than half of the votes.Me presenté a las elecciones del consejo escolar y conseguí más de la mitad de los votos.
b. ganarse
Thanks to his honesty, he won the confidence of the company director.Gracias a su honestidad, se ganó la confianza del jefe de la empresa.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to be victorious)
a. ganar
Did the match start already? Who's winning?¿Ha empezado ya el partido? ¿Quién va ganando?
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (victory)
a. la victoria
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The win in the final round was a completely unexpected result for the team.La victoria en la ronda final fue un resultado totalmente inesperado para el equipo.
b. el triunfo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The young tennis player added another win in last night's match.El joven jugador de tenis sumó otro triunfo en el partido de anoche.
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lose(
luz
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not find)
a. perder
I lost my cellphone at work.Perdí mi celular en el trabajo.
2. (to not win)
a. perder
She lost the race despite all the training she'd done.Perdió la carrera, a pesar de haber entrenado tanto.
3. (to be deprived of)
a. perder (rights, sight, a loved one)
She lost her parents when she was 12.Perdió a sus padres cuando tenía 12.
4. (to get rid of)
a. perder
He has already lost three pounds!¡Ya perdió tres libras!
b. bajar
You lost ten pounds in a week? That seems dangerous to me.¿Bajaste diez libras en una semana? Eso me parece peligroso.
c. deshacerse de (a pursuer)
I managed to lose him by dodging down a side alley.Conseguí deshacerme de él entrando en un callejón lateral.
5. (to waste)
a. perder (time or an opportunity)
I've lost a lot of sleep thinking about this.He perdido muchas horas de sueño pensando en esto.
6. (to cause the loss of)
a. costar
Arguing with him lost me my job.Discutir con él me costó mi trabajo.
7. (to confuse)
a. confundir
She lost me when she started explaining fractions.Me confundió cuando empezó a explicar fracciones.
8. (to become slower)
a. atrasarse
The kitchen clock loses two minutes every day.El reloj de la cocina se atrasa dos minutos cada día.
9. (to miss)
a. perder
We lost our connection in Madrid.Perdimos nuestra conexión en Madrid.
10. (to fail to keep)
a. perder
She lost some clients over the past weeks.Ha perdido algunos clientes durante las últimas semanas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to fail to win)
a. perder
We lost by two goals.Perdimos por dos goles.
12. (to have a loss)
a. salir perdiendo
I’m losing on the rental of my house.Salgo perdiendo en el alquiler de la casa.
13. (to be absorbed)
a. perderse
I lost myself reading such a good book.Me perdí en la lectura de tan buen libro.
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