Quick answer
"What" is a pronoun which is often translated as "qué", and "subject" is a noun which is often translated as "el tema". Learn more about the difference between "what" and "subject" below.
what(
wuht
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (in questions)
a. qué
What do you want me to do?¿Qué quieres que haga?
b. cuál
What was the reason for Jim's departure?¿Cuál fue la razón por la que se fuera Jim?
c. cómo
What's the weather like where you are?¿Cómo está el tiempo donde estás tú?
What's their house like?¿Cómo es su casa?
2. (in relative clauses)
a. lo que
He smoked what he had left in the pipe.Se fumó lo que le quedaba en la pipa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (in questions)
a. qué
What movie did you want to see?¿Qué película querías ver?
4. (in exclamations)
a. qué
What a nice day!¡Qué bonito día!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
5. (used to express surprise)
a. qué
What? That can't be true!¿Qué? ¡No puede ser verdad!
6. (not understanding)
a. qué
What? Speak louder, please.¿Qué? Hable más alto, por favor.
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subject(
suhb
-
jekt
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (person or thing being discussed)
a. el tema
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Please don't change the subject.Hazme el favor de no cambiar de tema.
b. el asunto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The war is still a sensitive subject in the Balkans.En los Balcanes la guerra todavía es un asunto delicado.
c. el objeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(of condemnation or debate)
The new law has been a subject of intense public debate.La nueva ley ha sido objeto de un debate público intenso.
2. (area of study)
a. la asignatura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My favorite subject is Spanish.Mi asignatura favorita es español.
b. la materia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Which subjects do you teach?¿Qué materias imparte?
3. (grammar)
a. el sujeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
In English, every sentence must have a subject.En inglés, toda oración debe tener un sujeto.
4. (monarchy)
a. el súbdito
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
, la súbdita
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was born in Madagascar but has been a British subject since 2000.Nació en Madagascar pero es súbdito británico desde 2000.
5. (in science or medicine)
a. el sujeto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
At present, a clinical trial is being carried out with 1000 subjects.En estos momentos, se lleva a cabo un ensayo clínico en el que participan 1000 sujetos.
6. (music)
a. el tema
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
An underlying melody unites the fugue's subject with the prelude.Una melodía de fondo enlaza el tema de la fuga con el preludio.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (under)
a. sujeto
The terms of this contract are subject to the laws of the state.Los términos de este contrato están sujetos a la jurisdicción del estado.
8. (conditional upon)
a. sujeto
The pool hours are subject to changes in the weather.El horario de la piscina está sujeto a los cambios de tiempo.
9. (prone to)
a. propenso
I'm subject to headaches.Soy propensa a los dolores de cabeza.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to force to undergo)
a. someter
A San Diego gang leader subjected several women to slavery conditions.El líder de una pandilla de San Diego sometió a varias mujeres a condiciones de esclavitud.
11. (to subjugate)
a. someter
The Romans subjected the Carthaginians among many other peoples.Los romanos, entre muchos otros pueblos, sometieron también a los cartagineses.
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