Quick answer
"Waste" is a noun which is often translated as "la pérdida", and "litter" is a noun which is often translated as "la basura". Learn more about the difference between "waste" and "litter" below.
waste(
weyst
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (loss of something valuable)
a. la pérdida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(time)
It was a waste of time.Fue una pérdida de tiempo.
b. el derroche
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(money)
The party for those ingrates was a waste of money.La fiesta para esos ingratos fue un derroche de dinero.
2. (not taken advantage of)
a. el desperdicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Having to work as a messenger is a waste of my talent.Es un desperdicio de mi talento tener que trabajar como mensajero.
3. (undesired leftovers)
a. el desperdicio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The butcher sweeps up more than a kilo of waste per day.La carnicería junta más de un kilo de desperdicios del piso cada día.
b. los desechos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Take the kitchen waste out, please.Saca los desechos de la cocina, por favor.
c. los residuos
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They hired a service to remove the company's toxic waste.Contrataron un servicio para remover los residuos tóxicos de la empresa.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to squander something valuable)
a. malgastar
He wasted his money on that car because it's a wreck.Malgastó su dinero en ese carro porque es un cacharro.
b. derrochar
She wasted her inheritance on designer clothes and expensive dinners.Derrochó su herencia en ropa de diseñador y cenas caras.
c. desperdiciar
You wasted my time by arriving so late.Desperdiciaste mi tiempo al llegar tan tarde.
d. despilfarrar
He wasted all his money on lottery tickets.Despilfarró todo su dinero en boletos de lotería.
5. (to squander an opportunity)
a. desaprovechar
The architect wasted space in his design of the bathroom.El arquitecto desaprovechó espacio en su diseño del baño.
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to kill)
a. liquidar
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
The kingpin wasted his enemies.El capo liquidó a sus enemigos.
b. cargarse
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
They wasted the terrorist who opened fire in the airport.Se cargaron al terrorista que abrió fuego en el aeropuerto.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (residual)
a. sobrante
The factory produces a ton of waste metal per month.La fábrica produce una tonelada de sobrantes de metal por mes.
b. residuo
The waste heat from the water heater helps to heat the house.El calor de residuo del calentón de agua ayuda a calentar la casa.
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litter(
lih
-
duhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (trash)
a. la basura
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He had to pick up litter on the side of the highway as a punishment for painting graffiti on the church.Tuvo que recoger basura del costado de la autopista como castigo por pintar grafitis en la iglesia.
2. (zoology)
a. la camada
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There were eight kittens in the litter.Había ocho gatitos en la camada.
b. la cría
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The dog's litter was playing in the yard while she rested.La cría de la perra estaba jugando en el jardín mientras ella descansaba.
3. (bedding for animals)
a. el lecho de paja
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I found the cow lying in the litter.Encontré la vaca acostada en el lecho de paja.
4. (material for cat's waste)
a. la arena
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I think it's about time to change the cat's litter because it reeks.Creo que ya toca cambiar la arena del gato porque apesta.
5.
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
(old-fashioned)
(vehicle)
a. la litera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The emperor's litter arrived, and his servants lowered it the ground.La litera del emperador llegó y sus sirvientes la depositaron en el suelo.
6. (medicine)
a. la camilla
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The nurses carried the wounded soldiers into the tent on litters.Las enfermeras cargaron a los soldados heridos en camillas a la tienda.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
7. (to pollute)
a. tirar basura en
The fans littered the streets after the team's victory.Los hinchas tiraron basura en las calles después de la victoria del equipo.
8. (to make disorganized)
a. esparcir por
As soon as he arrived, he opened his suitcase and littered the room with his clothes.En cuanto llegó, abrió la valija y esparció su ropa por toda la habitación.
b. llenar de
When I got back home, the children had littered the living room floor with toys.Cuando regresé a casa, los niños habían llenado el suelo de la sala de estar de juguetes.
9. (to provide with bedding)
a. hacer un lecho para
We littered the baby raccoon we found in the woods.Hicimos un lecho para el mapachito que encontramos en el bosque.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
10. (to pollute)
a. tirar basura
Max had to pay a fine because he littered in the park.Max tuvo que pagar una multa porque tiró basura en el parque.
11. (zoology)
a. parir
We finally found the cat, and she had littered underneath the barn.Por fin encontramos a la gata y había parido debajo del granero.
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