Quick answer
"Warm" is an adjective which is often translated as "cálido", and "warm up" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "calentar". Learn more about the difference between "warm" and "warm up" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (temperature)
a. cálido
When the nights are warm, we sleep without sheets.Cuando las noches están cálidas, dormimos sin sábanas.
b. caliente
How are your hands warm? Mine are freezing.¿Cómo es posible que tengas las manos calientes? Las mías están congeladas.
c. tibio (moderate)
I always bathe my cat with warm water.Siempre baño a mi gato con agua tibia.
d. templado (moderate)
My grandfather prefers to drink warm tea.Mi abuelo prefiere beber té templado.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
If it's warm tomorrow, we could go rowing.Si mañana hace calor, podemos ir a remar.
It's warm in here. I think I'll open the window.Hace calor aquí adentro. Me parece que voy a abrir la ventana.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Could we turn off the heating? I'm warm!¿Podemos apagar la calefacción? ¡Tengo calor!
The girls felt warm after playing under the sun.Las niñas tenían calor después de jugar bajo el sol.
2. (serving to keep warm)
a. caliente
The bed is nice and warm with that quilt on it.La cama está rica y caliente con esa colcha.
b. calentito
He lent me a warm coat.Me prestó un abrigo calentito.
c. abrigado (Southern Cone)
That hotel has warm blankets.Ese hotel tiene colchas abrigadas.
d. calientito
Regionalism used in Mexico
She put on a warm scarf.Su puso una bufanda calientita.
3. (kind)
a. cálido
Costa Ricans are warm and accommodating.Los costarricenses son cálidos y acomodadizos.
b. cariñoso
I remember her as a warm lady who always had a smile on her face.La recuerdo como una señora cariñosa, siempre sonriente.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to heat)
a. calentarse
We warmed our feet by standing over the metro grate.Nos calentamos los pies parándonos sobre la rejilla del metro.
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warm up(
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to heat)
a. calentar
We used to light fires to warm up the cabin in the winter months.Encendíamos un fuego para calentar la cabaña en los meses de invierno.
b. recalentar (food)
My mother warmed up leftovers for dinner tonight.Mi madre recalentó las sobras para la cena de esta noche.
2. (to make lively)
a. animar
The event organizers hired a DJ to warm up the party.Los organizadores del evento contrataron a un pinchadiscos para animar la fiesta.
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
3. (to become warmer)
a. calentarse
We were able to start driving once the car's engine warmed up.Pudimos empezar a conducir tan pronto como el motor del carro se calentó.
b. entrar en calor (person)
His forehead was sweating as he began to warm up.Le sudaba la frente cuando empezó a entrar en calor.
4. (to become lively)
a. animarse
The audience warmed up after the keynote speaker told a few jokes.El público se animó después de que el orador principal contara unos chistes.
5. (to become more receptive to; used with "to")
a. acostumbrarse
It took several years for us to warm up to our stepfather.Nos tomó muchos años acostumbrarnos a nuestro padrastro.
b. entusiasmarse
We weren't excited at first, but then we warmed up to the idea of going to the movies.Al principio no nos emocionaba, pero luego nos entusiasmamos con la idea de ir al cine.
6. (to prepare to do an activity)
a. hacer ejercicios de calentamiento
We warmed up before we got into the pool to avoid injuring ourselves.Hicimos ejercicios de calentamiento antes de entrar en la piscina para no lastimarnos.
b. calentarse
If we don't warm up before the concert, we'll sound terrible.Si no nos calentamos antes del concierto, sonaremos terribles.
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