Quick answer
"Warm" is an adjective which is often translated as "cálido", and "dry" is an adjective which is often translated as "seco". Learn more about the difference between "warm" and "dry" below.
warm(
wawrm
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (temperature)
a. cálido
When the nights are warm, we sleep without sheets.Cuando las noches están cálidas, dormimos sin sábanas.
b. caliente
How are your hands warm? Mine are freezing.¿Cómo es posible que tengas las manos calientes? Las mías están congeladas.
c. tibio (moderate)
I always bathe my cat with warm water.Siempre baño a mi gato con agua tibia.
d. templado (moderate)
My grandfather prefers to drink warm tea.Mi abuelo prefiere beber té templado.
e.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
If it's warm tomorrow, we could go rowing.Si mañana hace calor, podemos ir a remar.
It's warm in here. I think I'll open the window.Hace calor aquí adentro. Me parece que voy a abrir la ventana.
f.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Could we turn off the heating? I'm warm!¿Podemos apagar la calefacción? ¡Tengo calor!
The girls felt warm after playing under the sun.Las niñas tenían calor después de jugar bajo el sol.
2. (serving to keep warm)
a. caliente
The bed is nice and warm with that quilt on it.La cama está rica y caliente con esa colcha.
b. calentito
He lent me a warm coat.Me prestó un abrigo calentito.
c. abrigado (Southern Cone)
That hotel has warm blankets.Ese hotel tiene colchas abrigadas.
d. calientito
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
She put on a warm scarf.Su puso una bufanda calientita.
3. (kind)
a. cálido
Costa Ricans are warm and accommodating.Los costarricenses son cálidos y acomodadizos.
b. cariñoso
I remember her as a warm lady who always had a smile on her face.La recuerdo como una señora cariñosa, siempre sonriente.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to heat)
a. calentarse
We warmed our feet by standing over the metro grate.Nos calentamos los pies parándonos sobre la rejilla del metro.
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dry(
dray
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (without water)
a. seco
The clothes are dry and ready to be folded.La ropa está seca y lista para doblar.
b. árido
The desert is very dry, making any sort of agriculture difficult.El desierto es muy árido, por lo que es difícil cualquier tipo de agricultura.
2. (lacking natural moisture)
a. seco
Do you have any cream? My hands are dry.¿Tienes crema? Tengo las manos secas.
3. (boring)
a. árido
The material we're covering in class is very dry so it's hard to concentrate.El material que cubrimos en clase es muy árido, así que es difícil concentrarse.
4. (set)
a. seco
The paint will be dry in a couple of hours.La pintura estará seca en un par de horas.
5. (weather)
a. seco
Yesterday was dry and sunny.Ayer estuvo seco y soleado.
6. (not selling alcohol)
a. seco
Bailey County, Texas, is a dry county. No alcohol sales are allowed anywhere.El condado de Bailey, Texas, es un condado seco. Se prohibe la venta de alcohol en todas partes.
7. (not sweet)
a. seco
The region is famous for its dry white wines.La región es famosa por sus vinos blancos secos.
8. (ironic)
a. mordaz
The British are renowned for their dry humor.Los británicos son famosos por su humor mordaz.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
9. (to make dry)
a. secar
After showering, she dried herself and got dressed.Después de ducharse, se secó y se vistió.
To dry the bathing suits, I will hang them on the clothesline.Para secar los trajes de baño, los colgaré en el tendedero.
10. (remove tears from)
a. secar
Dry your eyes and let's find a solution to this.Sécate las lágrimas y busquemos una solución a esto.
11. (to preserve)
a. secar
We clean, and then dry the fish on racks in the sun.Limpiamos, y luego secamos el pescado en bastidores en el sol.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
12. (to lose moisture)
a. secarse
The collars and cuffs take longer to dry.Los cuellos y puños tardan más tiempo en secarse.
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