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Quick answer
"Wake" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "despertar", and "rise" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "subir". Learn more about the difference between "wake" and "rise" below.
wake(
weyk
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wake up)
a. despertar
Can you turn down the music, please? You're going to wake the baby!¿Puedes bajar el volumen de la música, por favor? ¡Vas a despertar al bebé!
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (to wake up)
a. despertarse
I couldn't remember anything when I woke, but the doctor told me that the surgery went fine.No podía recordar nada cuando me desperté, pero el doctor me dijo que todo salió bien con la operación.
b. despertar
The little girl woke from a nightmare and went running to her parents' room.La niñita despertó de una pesadilla y fue corriendo al cuarto de sus papás.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
3. (vigil)
a. el velatorio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
A lot of people came to my father's wake, but only a few were at the funeral.Mucha gente vino al velatorio de mi padre, pero solo unos pocos estuvieron presentes en el funeral.
b. el velorio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
I'm sorry for your loss. What time will the wake be?Te acompaño en el sentimiento. ¿A qué hora será el velorio?
4. (nautical)
a. la estela
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The ship left a fine wake behind it as we sailed calmly across the sea.El barco dejaba una bella estela tras de sí mientras navegábamos tranquilamente por el mar.
5. (aftermath)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
In the wake of the attack, many people were desperately searching for missing family members.Tras el ataque, muchos buscaban desesperadamente a sus familiares desaparecidos.
Many people lost their home in the wake of the financial crisis.Muchos perdieron la vivienda a raíz de la crisis económica.
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rise(
rayz
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to move upward)
a. subir
The kite rose high in the sky over the park.La cometa subió alto en el cielo sobre el parque.
b. alzar
Her eyes rose to watch the doves fly away.Sus ojos se alzaron a ver las palomas salir volando.
2. (to increase)
a. subir
The price of gas is rising.Sube el precio de la gasolina.
b. aumentar
Our benefits rose five percent this year.Nuestros beneficios aumentaron un cinco por ciento este año.
3. (to get up)
a. ponerse de pie (to stand up)
Please rise to welcome the president of the company.Pónganse de pie para recibir al presidente de la empresa.
b. pararse (to stand up)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
It's customary to rise when the judge walks into the room.Es la costumbre pararse cuando entra el juez al cuarto.
c. levantarse (to wake up)
She rises at six every morning to go for a walk.Ella se levanta a las seis todas las mañanas para caminar.
4. (to gain power or status)
a. subir
Queen Elizabeth I rose to power in November 1558.La reina Isabel I subió al trono en noviembre de 1558.
b. ascender
He rose through the ranks to become his party's leader.Él ascendió por el escalafón hasta hacerse el líder de su partido.
5. (to rebel)
a. alzarse
The army rose against the dictator who governed the country.El ejército se alzó contra el dictador que gobernaba el país.
b. levantarse
After decades of dictatorial rule, the citizens rose up against the king.Después de décadas de dictadura, los ciudadanos se levantaron contra el rey.
6. (to extend upwards)
a. elevarse
I can see the mountains rising in the distance from my window.Puedo ver cómo se elevan las montañas en la distancia desde mi ventana.
b. alzarse
The skyline rose before them as they drove into the city.El perfil de la ciudad se alzó ante ellos mientras conducían a la ciudad.
7. (astronomy)
a. salir
The sun will rise tomorrow at 6 am.El sol saldrá mañana a las 6 am.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
8. (increase in value or amount)
a. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What would you say the rise in sales is due to?¿A qué dirías que se debe el aumento en ventas?
b. la subida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I have noticed a slight rise in the prices at the supermarket.He notado una ligera subida en los precios del supermercado.
c. el auge
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The rise in digital technology has gone hand in hand with an increase in obesity.El auge de la tecnología digital ha sido acompañado por un aumento de la obesidad.
9. (increase in influence)
a. el ascenso
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Her rise to the position of CEO has been astonishing.Su ascenso al puesto de directora ejecutiva ha sido sorprendente.
10. (incline)
a. la subida
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
There's a slight rise in the road that can be dangerous if there is ice.Hay una leve subida en la carretera que puede ser peligrosa si hay hielo.
b. la colina
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(hill)
They live in a house just on the other side of the rise.Ellos viven en una casa justo del otro lado de la colina.
11. (pay increase) (United Kingdom)
a. el aumento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
My manager offered me a rise due to my high productivity.My jefe me ha ofrecido un aumento debido a mi elevada productividad.
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