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Quick answer
"Upon" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "since" is a preposition which is often translated as "desde". Learn more about the difference between "upon" and "since" below.
upon(
uh
-
pan
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (on)
a. en
He put his hand upon my hip and we danced.Puso su mano en mi cadera y bailamos.
b. sobre
I placed candles upon the mantel.Coloqué velas sobre la repisa.
2. (about)
a. sobre
She informed the audience of her thoughts upon the issue.Ella informó a la audiencia de sus pensamientos sobre el tema.
3. (immediately after)
a. al
Upon realizing what the situation was, he left.Al darse cuenta de la situación, se fue.
b. en cuanto
Upon seeing the body, she began to cry.En cuanto vio el cuerpo, se puso a llorar.
c. tras
Upon the president's arrival, the national anthem was sung.Tras la llegada del presidente, se cantó el himno nacional.
4. (used to indicate large amounts)
a. y
Thousands upon thousands of dead fish appeared on the beach.Aparecieron miles y miles de peces muertos en la playa.
b. tras
He drank beer upon beer until he passed out.Bebió una cerveza tras otra hasta que se desmayó.
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since(
sihns
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (from a point in the past to the present)
a. desde
I have been working for this company since 2010.Llevo trabajando en esta empresa desde 2010.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
2. (reason)
a. ya que
Since I'm the only one watching TV, pass me the remote.Ya que soy la única que está viendo tele, pásame el control remoto.
b. como
Since you don't like pizza, can I have your portion?Como no te gusta la pizza, ¿puedo tomarme tu porción?
c. puesto que (formal)
We didn't visit her since it was very late.No la visitamos puesto que era muy tarde.
3. (time)
a. desde que
I haven't seen them since they moved.No los he visto desde que se mudaron.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (after that)
a. desde entonces
I met her for dinner, but I haven't seen her since.Cené con ella, pero no la he visto desde entonces.
5. (long ago)
a. hace mucho
He long since stopped talking to her.Hace mucho que dejó de hablarle.
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