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Quick answer
"Upon" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "across" is a preposition which is often translated as "a través de". Learn more about the difference between "upon" and "across" below.
upon(
uh
-
pan
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (on)
a. en
He put his hand upon my hip and we danced.Puso su mano en mi cadera y bailamos.
b. sobre
I placed candles upon the mantel.Coloqué velas sobre la repisa.
2. (about)
a. sobre
She informed the audience of her thoughts upon the issue.Ella informó a la audiencia de sus pensamientos sobre el tema.
3. (immediately after)
a. al
Upon realizing what the situation was, he left.Al darse cuenta de la situación, se fue.
b. en cuanto
Upon seeing the body, she began to cry.En cuanto vio el cuerpo, se puso a llorar.
c. tras
Upon the president's arrival, the national anthem was sung.Tras la llegada del presidente, se cantó el himno nacional.
4. (used to indicate large amounts)
a. y
Thousands upon thousands of dead fish appeared on the beach.Aparecieron miles y miles de peces muertos en la playa.
b. tras
He drank beer upon beer until he passed out.Bebió una cerveza tras otra hasta que se desmayó.
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across(
uh
-
kras
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (from one side to the other)
a. a través de
We drove across Los Angeles.Manejamos a través de Los Ángeles.
b. de un lado a otro
He walked across the store looking for the perfect toy for his son.Fue de un lado a otro de la tienda buscando el juguete ideal para su hijo.
2. (on the other side of)
a. enfrente
My best friend lives across the street.Mi mejor amigo vive en la calle de enfrente.
b. al otro lado de
They live across town. Viven al otro lado del pueblo.
3. (throughout)
a. por
We traveled across Baja California.Viajamos por Baja California
b. en todo
The president promised peace across the country.El presidente prometió paz en todo el país.
c. por todo
The population is evenly distributed across the region.La población está uniformemente distribuida por toda la región.
4. (over)
a. sobre
There was a bridge across the river but it was hit by a bomb a few days ago.Había un puente sobre el río pero fue alcanzado por una bomba unos días atrás.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (from one side to the other)
a. cruzar
Once we reached the river, we swam across.Cuando llegamos al río, lo cruzamos a nado.
6. (on the other side)
a. enfrente
She was sitting across from me.Estaba sentada enfrente de mí.
7. (widthwise)
a. de ancho
The pipe is one meter across.La tubería tiene un metro de ancho.
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