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Quick answer
"Upheaval" is a noun which is often translated as "el trastorno", and "turmoil" is a noun which is often translated as "la confusión". Learn more about the difference between "upheaval" and "turmoil" below.
upheaval(
uhp
-
hi
-
vuhl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (major or violent change)
a. el trastorno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We need a new kitchen but I can't face the upheaval of having the builders in.Haría falta renovar la cocina, pero no puedo ni pensar en el trastorno que ocasiona tener albañiles en casa.
b. la agitación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Times of social upheaval can lead to important reforms.Las épocas de agitación social pueden resultar en importantes reformas.
c. la convulsión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She was in Paris during the political upheavals of the sixties.Ella estuvo en París coincidiendo con las convulsiones políticas de los años sesenta.
2. (geology)
a. el levantamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It was an upheaval in the Earth's crust millions of years ago that created this mountain range.Lo que creó esta cordillera fue un levantamiento de la corteza terrestre hace millones de años.
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turmoil(
tuhr
-
moyl
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (unrest)
a. la confusión
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The country found itself in a state of turmoil after the economic collapse.El país se vio en un estado de confusión tras el colapso económico.
b. la agitación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The riots were indicative of the societal turmoil in that part of the country.Los motines eran una indicación de la agitación social en esa parte del país.
2. (state of anxiety)
a. la perturbación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was in a state of emotional turmoil because of unresolved issues with his family.Se encontraba en un estado de perturbación emocional a causa de conflictos no resueltos con su familia.
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