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Quick answer
"Up" is an adverb which is often translated as "arriba", and "down" is an adverb which is often translated as "abajo". Learn more about the difference between "up" and "down" below.
up(
uhp
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (position)
a. arriba
From up in the tower, we could see the surrounding countryside.Desde arriba en la torre, podíamos ver el campo de alrededor.
2. (in upward direction)
a. para arriba
From the waist up, he was covered in paint.De la cintura para arriba, estaba cubierto de pintura.
b. hacia
He watched as his balloon floated up towards the sky.Miró mientras su globo flotaba hacia el cielo.
3. (data)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Test scores are up in schools throughout the county.Las calificaciones han mejorado en las escuelas del condado.
The price of wheat is up 10% from last year.El precio del trigo ha aumentado 10% con respecto al año pasado.
4. (score)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The Bulls are up by five in the third quarter.Los Bulls están ganando por cinco puntos en el tercer cuarto.
They were two goals up at halftime.Llevaban dos goles de ventaja en el descanso.
5. (installed)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Finally, all of the paintings are up.Por fin están colgados todos los cuadros.
The walls of our new house are up. They'll be finishing the roof next.Las paredes de nuestra nueva casa se han erigido. Ahora terminarán el techo.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (standing)
a. de pie
Could you bring me my glasses while you are up?Ya que estás de pie, ¿me traes las gafas?
7. (awake)
a. despierto
I'm never up earlier than 9 am.Nunca estoy despierto antes de las 9 am.
b. levantado
She was up when I went to her room this morning.Estaba levantada cuando fui a su habitación esta mañana.
8. (raised)
a. levantado
His hand was up, but the teacher ignored him.Su mano estaba levantada, pero la maestra lo ignoró.
b. erguido
Models are taught to walk with their heads up high.A las modelos les enseñan a caminar con la cabeza bien erguida.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
9. (position)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Are you coming up to New York for Christmas?¿Vas a venir hasta Nueva York para la Navidad?
Please don't run up the stairs.Por favor, no corra mientras sube las escaleras.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to increase)
a. aumentar
We've upped the offer, but the owner of the house still refuses to sell it.Hemos aumentado la oferta, pero el dueño de la casa sigue negándose a venderla.
b. subir
Her project was a success and her salary was upped from 10,000 to 15,000 dollars per month.Su proyecto fue un éxito y le subieron el sueldo de 10,000 a 15,000 dólares al mes.
c. intensificar
We need to up our efforts if we are going to get things done on time.Debemos intensificar nuestros esfuerzos si queremos que las cosas estén hechas a tiempo.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to rise)
a. levantarse
I don't know what happened but they just upped and left without even saying goodbye.No sé qué paso, pero se levantaron y se fueron sin ni siquiera despedirse.
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down(
daun
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (vertical direction)
a. abajo
She lives two floors down.Ella vive dos pisos más abajo.
2. (in exclamations)
a. abajo
Down with the government!¡Abajo el gobierno!
b. baja
Down, Fido! Get off of that sofa!¡Bájate, Fido! ¡Bájate del sofá!
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
3. (direction)
a. por
You can go down the service stairs.Puedes irte por la escalera de servicio.
4. (along)
a. por
They walked down the avenue holding hands.Caminaron por la avenida tomados de la mano.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (sad)
a. deprimido
I'm a bit down because my grandfather is sick.Estoy un poco deprimido porque mi abuelo está enfermo.
6. (not functioning)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
The website has been down for three hours.El sitio web lleva tres horas sin funcionar.
We pay an arm and a leg, and the internet is always down!Pagamos un ojo de la cara y, ¡el internet nunca funciona!
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (material)
a. el plumón
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I can't use a comforter made with down because I'm a vegan.No puedo usar un edredón de plumón porque soy vegana.
8. (hair)
a. el vello
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on body)
The down on the back of his neck is blond.El vello que tiene en la nuca es rubio.
b. el bozo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(on face)
That stuff on your upper lip is more down than a real mustache.Eso que tienes encima del labio es más bozo que un bigote verdadero.
9. (American football)
a. el down
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
That's a first down for Washington.Es un primer down para Washington.
b. la oportunidad
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
They haven't converted a third down all game.No han convertido una tercera oportunidad en todo el partido.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
10. (to cause to fall)
a. derribar
They downed the enemy aircraft with one shot.Derribaron el avión del enemigo con un solo disparo.
11. (to drink quickly)
a. terminar
He downed the soda and ran out the door.Terminó el refresco y salió corriendo por la puerta.
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