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Quick answer
"Until" is a preposition which is often translated as "hasta", and "through" is a preposition which is often translated as "por". Learn more about the difference between "until" and "through" below.
until(
uhn
-
tihl
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (up till)
a. hasta
I will stay at their house until Sunday.Me quedaré en su casa hasta el domingo.
2. (before)
a. hasta
We don't close until 8pm. If you hurry, you'll make it.No cerramos hasta las 8pm. Si te apuras, todavía llegas.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
3. (up till)
a. hasta que
Until he left his country, he had never felt homesick for his mother's cooking.Hasta que se fue de su país, no había sentido nostalgia por la comida de su mamá.
4. (before)
a. hasta que
You can't go out tonight until you finish your homework.No podrás salir esta noche hasta que no termines tus deberes.
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through(
thru
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (from one side to the other)
a. por
Place the thread through the eye of the needle.Pasa el hilo por el ojo de la aguja.
b. a través de
The old mansion was just visible through the mist.La vieja mansión era apenas visible a través de la niebla.
2. (by means of)
a. a través de
I got my job through a friend of a friend.Conseguí el trabajo a través de un amigo de un amigo.
3. (indicating time)
a. durante
The supermarket will be selling pumpkins through the season.El supermercado venderá calabazas durante toda la temporada.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
4. (from one side to the other)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Proceed through the intersection and take your first left.Pasa el cruce y toma la primera a la izquierda.
The dam stops the water from flowing through.La presa impide el paso del agua.
5. (from start to finish)
a. de principio a fin
I read the book through.Me leí el libro de principio a fin.
6. (completely)
a. completamente
The laundry is dried through.La colada está completamente seca.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (finished)
a. terminado
Are you through with your homework yet?¿Ya terminaste los deberes?
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