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Quick answer
"Unless" is a conjunction which is often translated as "a menos que", and "except" is a preposition which is often translated as "excepto". Learn more about the difference between "unless" and "except" below.
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (except)
a. a menos que
It is not possible to understand binary unless you have studied it.Es imposible entender binario a menos que lo hayas estudiado.
b. a no ser que
Unless you arrive early in the morning, the wait for breakfast can be about an hour.A no ser que llegues temprano por la mañana, la fila para el desayuno será aproximadamente de una hora.
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A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (not including)
a. excepto
I have visited every country in Central America except Panama.He visitado todos los países centroamericanos, excepto Panamá.
b. salvo
I lost all of my keys except the one to my house.Perdí todas mis llaves salvo la de mi casa.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (to exclude)
a. exceptuar
People are just stupid, present company excepted, of course.La gente es tonta, exceptuando a los aquí presentes, claro.
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