Quick answer
"Overslept" is a form of "oversleep", an intransitive verb which is often translated as "quedarse dormido". "Asleep" is an adjective which is often translated as "dormido". Learn more about the difference between "overslept" and "asleep" below.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (general)
a. quedarse dormido
I'm so sorry I'm late! I overslept.¡Mil disculpas por llegar tarde! Me quedé dormido.
b. no despertarse a tiempo
Martin didn't hear the alarm clock and overslept.Martín no oyó el reloj despertador y no se despertó a tiempo.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (sleeping)
a. dormido
She was asleep on the couch for three hours.Estuvo dormida en el sofá tres horas.
2. (numb)
a. adormecido
I was sitting in a weird position and now my foot is asleep.Estaba sentando en una postura rara y ahora tengo la pierna adormecida.
b. dormido
I can't walk. My whole leg is asleep.No puedo caminar. Tengo toda la pierna dormida.
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