Quick answer
"Outdoor" is an adjective which is often translated as "al aire libre", and "outside" is an adverb which is often translated as "fuera". Learn more about the difference between "outdoor" and "outside" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (open-air)
a. al aire libre
Outdoor sports are great for body and mind.Los deportes al aire libre son buenos para el cuerpo y la mente.
b. exterior
The apartment has an outdoor patio, as well as an indoor patio for cooler days.El apartamento tiene un patio exterior, así como un patio interior para los días más fríos.
c. descubierto
I can't wait to swim in the outdoor swimming pool in the summer.No puedo esperar hasta poder nadar en la piscina descubierta en verano.
d. de calle (clothing)
She almost forgot to put her outdoor shoes on before leaving.Casi olvidó ponerse su calzado de calle antes de irse.
e. de exterior (plant)
This burning sun is terrible for outdoor plants.Este sol abrasador es terrible para las plantas de exterior.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (place)
a. fuera
We will wait outside, so you can see us when you arrive.Esperaremos fuera, para que nos puedas ver al llegar.
b. afuera
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
We can have lunch outside, next to the swimming pool.Podemos almorzar afuera, junto a la piscina.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
2. (not inside)
a. fuera de
They parked their car outside the garage.Aparcaron el carro fuera del garaje.
3. (beyond)
a. fuera de
That dress is outside of my price range.Este vestido está fuera de mi alcance.
b. aparte de
Outside of you, no one else knows my secret.Aparte de ti, nadie más conoce mi secreto.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (external side)
a. el exterior
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Write your name on the outside of the notebook.Pongan el nombre en el exterior de la libreta.
5. (maximum)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
It will take me one hour to arrive, or at the very outside two.Me llevará una hora llegar o, a lo sumo, dos.
You can bring two friends to the party at the outside.Puedes traer a la fiesta dos amigos como mucho.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
6. (outward)
a. exterior
The outside pocket is blue.El bolsillo exterior es azul.
b. externo
We are going to need two outside examiners.Vamos a necesitar dos examinadores externos.
c. descubierto
The hotel has an outside swimming pool that is only open in summer.El hotel tiene una piscina descubierta que solo está abierta en verano.
d. al aire libre
There is an outside tennis court, but we can't play because it's raining.Hay una pista de tenis al aire libre, pero no podemos jugar porque está lloviendo.
7. (unlikely)
a. remoto
Going on vacations is an outside possibility since my budget is very limited.Ir de vacaciones es una posibilidad remota porque mi presupuesto es muy limitado.
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