Quick answer
"On average" is a phrase which is often translated as "en promedio", and "average" is a noun which is often translated as "el promedio". Learn more about the difference between "on average" and "average" below.
on average(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (more or less)
a. en promedio
On average, my students tend to do quite well in this class.En promedio, mis estudiantes tienden a tener algo de éxito en esta clase.
b. por término medio
I read two books a month, on average.Leo dos libros al mes, por término medio.
c. de media
On average, we bring 100 fans to our concerts each night.De media, llevamos a 100 fanáticos a nuestros conciertos cada noche.
d. en general
On average, your scores are higher than your classmates'.En general, tus calificaciones son más altas que las de tus compañeros.
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A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (median, standard)
a. el promedio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The national average of all of the test scores was 86.El promedio nacional de todas las notas de exámenes fue de 86.
b. la media
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
On average, about 2,000 people attend those rallies.De media, alrededor de 2,000 personas asisten a esos mítines.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (typical)
a. medio
The average water consumption of an elephant is 200 liters each day.El consumo medio de agua de un elefante es de 200 litros al día.
3. (ordinary)
a. medio
The average Spaniard cannot afford such expenses.El español medio no puede permitirse ese tipo de gastos.
b. corriente
The average person wouldn't understand such a complex problem.Una persona corriente no entendería un problema tan complejo.
4. (quality)
a. mediocre
The food at that restaurant is average.La comida de ese restaurante es mediocre.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
5. (to calculate the average of)
a. promediar
You need to average all of the results for each segment of the population.Tienes que promediar todos los resultados para cada sector de la población.
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