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Quick answer
"Oh" is an interjection which is often translated as "oh", and "dear" is an adjective which is often translated as "querido". Learn more about the difference between "oh" and "dear" below.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
1. (used to express surprise)
a. oh
Did you know there were going to be fireworks tonight? - Oh? No, I didn't.¿Sabías que iba a haber fuegos artificiales esta noche? - ¡Oh! No, no lo sabía.
b. vaya
Oh! What a pleasant surprise to see you here!¡Vaya! ¡Qué sorpresa tan agradable verte aquí!
c. ah
Oh! I get it now. The TV won't turn on because it's not plugged in!¡Ah! Ya entendí. ¡La tele no se enciende porque no está enchufada!
2. (used to express pain)
a. ay
Oh! That's hot.¡Ay! Eso está caliente.
3. (used to call attention)
a. eh
Oh, sir, you're stepping on my shoe!¡Eh, señor! Me está pisando.
4. (used to express disbelief)
a. en serio
Oh? You're going to be the master of ceremonies?¿En serio? ¿Vas a ser el maestro de ceremonias?
b. no me digas
Oh, you have got to be kidding. Steve's going out with Melanie again?¡No me digas! Debe ser una broma. ¿Steve está saliendo de nuevo con Melanie?
c. de veras
Oh? You won the gold medal?¿De veras? ¿Ganaste la medalla de oro?
5. (used to express dismay)
a. ay
Oh! Shut up! That is disgusting!¡Ay! ¡Cállate! ¡Eso es asqueroso!
6. (used to elicit further information)
a. ah, sí
I'm leaving early today. - Oh?Hoy salgo temprano. - ¿Ah, sí?
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (beloved)
a. querido
John is a very dear friend of ours.John es un amigo nuestro muy querido.
2. (written salutation)
a. querido
Dear Tom, How are the children?Querido Tom: ¿Cómo están tus hijos?
b. estimado
Dear Mrs. Robinson, Your order will arrive within a week.Estimada Sra. Robinson: Su pedido llegará dentro de una semana.
c. distinguido
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
Dear Dr. García, Enclosed you will find the information you requested regarding the ultrasound probe.Distinguido Dr. García: Adjunto encontrará la información solicitada sobre la sonda de ultrasonido.
3. (adorable)
a. adorable
Alicia's a dear little girl.Alicia una niñita adorable.
b. majo
Regionalism used in Spain
Mercedes's son is a dear little thing.El hijo de Mercedes es un chico muy majo.
4. (precious)
a. preciado
Our first dollar is very dear to us. That's why we have it framed and up on the wall.Nuestro primer dólar es muy preciado para nosotros. Por eso lo tenemos enmarcado y colocado en la pared.
5. (expensive) (United Kingdom)
a. caro
The wedding turned out to be very dear. It cost over 100,000 pounds!La boda resultó muy cara. ¡Costó más de 100,000 libras!
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
6. (used to express surprise or distress)
a. vaya
Dear God! How are we going to sort it out?¡Vaya por Dios! ¿Cómo vamos a solucionarlo?
b. ay
Dear! That looks like a nasty cut.¡Ay! Qué fea se ve esa cortada.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
7. (term of endearment)
a. cariño
Are you ready yet, dear?¿Ya estás lista, cariño?
b. cielo
Come on, dear. Be good and eat your peas.A ver, cielo. Sé bueno y cómete los guisantes.
8. (sweetheart)
a. el encanto
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She's a real dear and always helps me with my shopping.Es un verdadero encanto y siempre me ayuda con la compra.
b. bueno
Be a dear and change the baby's diaper.Sé bueno y cambia el pañal del bebé.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
9. (at a high price) (United Kingdom)
a. caro
They sell fruit really dear at that stall.La fruta se vende muy cara en ese puesto.
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