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Quick answer
"Of" is a preposition which is often translated as "de", and "to" is a preposition which is often translated as "a". Learn more about the difference between "of" and "to" below.
of(
uhv
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating possession)
a. de
The wings of an eagle can span eight feet.Las alas de un águila se extienden hasta ocho pies.
2. (descriptive)
a. de
It is a question of ethics.Es una cuestión de ética.
3. (indicating material)
a. de
This chair is made of oak.Esta silla es de roble.
4. (indicating distance)
a. de
She walked a distance of three miles.Caminó una distancia de tres millas.
5. (indicating location)
a. de
The Caribbean coast of Mexico is the best location for snorkeling.La costa caribeña de México es el mejor lugar para bucear con esnórquel.
6. (indicating content)
a. de
Can you get me a bottle of water?¿Me traes una botella de agua?
7. (among)
a. de
One of the students in my group got lost.Uno de los estudiantes de mi grupo se perdió.
8. (toward)
a. hacia
He made no effort to hide his hatred of the invaders.No hizo ningún esfuerzo por ocultar su odio hacia los invasores.
b. por
We shared a love of music.Compartíamos un amor por la música.
9. (indicating time)
a. menos
I need to be at the office at a quarter of seven.Tengo que estar en la oficina a las siete menos cuarto.
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to(
tu
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (used to indicate direction)
a. a
I'm going to your house.Voy a tu casa.
b. hacia
She walked to the woods.Caminó hacia el bosque.
2. (as far as)
a. hasta
I would run to your house right now just to see you!¡Correría hasta tu casa ahora mismo solo para verte!
3. (in order to)
a. a
I just came to say hello.Solo vine a saludar.
4. (used to indicate belonging)
a. de
All of those books belonged to my grandfather.Todos estos libros eran de mi abuelo.
5. (used to tell the time)
a. menos
It is a quarter to six.Son las seis menos cuarto.
6. (used to indicate proportion or range)
a. por
The birth ratio is 107 boys to 100 girls.La proporción de nacimientos es de 107 niños por 100 niñas.
7. (in comparisons)
a. a
Variable A is greater or equal to variable B.La variable A es mayor o igual a la variable B.
8. (resulting in)
a. para
To my surprise, he did not recognize me.Para mi sorpresa, él no me reconoció.
9. (in toasts)
a. por
Here's to the birthday girl! Cheers!¡Por la cumpleañera! ¡Salud!
10. (used to indicate position)
a. a
Turn to the left to exit.Gira a la izquierda para salir.
11. (infinitive particle)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I learned to drive when I was 17.Aprendí a manejar a los 17 años.
We need to work faster.Tenemos que trabajar más rápido.
12. (used in place of a verb)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I didn't want to tell you but I felt I had to.No quería decírtelo pero me vi obligada a hacerlo.
It's my party and I'll cry if I want to.Es mi fiesta y lloraré si quiero.
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