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Quick answer
"Of" is a preposition which is often translated as "de", and "account for" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "dar cuentas de". Learn more about the difference between "of" and "account for" below.
of(
uhv
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating possession)
a. de
The wings of an eagle can span eight feet.Las alas de un águila se extienden hasta ocho pies.
2. (descriptive)
a. de
It is a question of ethics.Es una cuestión de ética.
3. (indicating material)
a. de
This chair is made of oak.Esta silla es de roble.
4. (indicating distance)
a. de
She walked a distance of three miles.Caminó una distancia de tres millas.
5. (indicating location)
a. de
The Caribbean coast of Mexico is the best location for snorkeling.La costa caribeña de México es el mejor lugar para bucear con esnórquel.
6. (indicating content)
a. de
Can you get me a bottle of water?¿Me traes una botella de agua?
7. (among)
a. de
One of the students in my group got lost.Uno de los estudiantes de mi grupo se perdió.
8. (toward)
a. hacia
He made no effort to hide his hatred of the invaders.No hizo ningún esfuerzo por ocultar su odio hacia los invasores.
b. por
We shared a love of music.Compartíamos un amor por la música.
9. (indicating time)
a. menos
I need to be at the office at a quarter of seven.Tengo que estar en la oficina a las siete menos cuarto.
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account for
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to give a record of)
a. dar cuentas de
You will be required to account for any business expenses claimed.Tendrá que dar cuentas de cualquier gasto de la empresa que quiera desgravar.
2. (to explain)
a. explicar
You say you haven't drunk anything, but how do you account for all these empty beer cans?Dices que no has tomado nada, pero ¿cómo explicas todas estas latas de cerveza vacías?
3. (to take into account)
a. tener en cuenta
Did you account for the cost of materials in your estimate for the building work?¿Tuviste en cuenta el costo de los materiales al hacer el presupuesto de la obra?
4. (to constitute)
a. representar
My rent accounts for nearly half my wages.El alquiler representa casi la mitad de mi sueldo.
5. (to know the whereabouts of)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Dozens of people have yet to be accounted for after yesterday's earthquake.Tras el terremoto de ayer, decenas de personas están todavía en paradero desconocido.
Everyone in the party was accounted for, so the teacher told the bus driver to set off.No faltaba nadie del grupo, así que el profesor le dijo al concuctor del autobús que se pusiera en marcha.
6. (to eliminate)
a. dar cuenta de
Enemy bombing accounted for several iconic buildings in the capital.Los bombardeos enemigos dieron cuenta de varios edificios emblemáticos de la capital.
b. acabar con
The flu epidemic of 1918 accounted for millions of lives.La epidemia de gripe de 1918 acabó con millones de vidas.
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