Quick answer
"Lower" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "bajar", and "less" is an adverb which is often translated as "menos". Learn more about the difference between "lower" and "less" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to move downwards)
a. bajar
The sun is hitting me right in the eyes. I'm going to lower the blinds.El sol me está pegando justo en los ojos. Voy a bajar las persianas.
b. echar al agua (vessel)
They lowered the dinghy from the yacht so they could go ashore.Echaron la lancha al agua desde el yate para poder ir a tierra.
c. arriar (flag or sail)
The nation lowered their flags to half staff in mourning.La nación arrió las banderas a media asta en señal de duelo.
2. (to reduce)
a. bajar
The librarian asked Jonathan to lower his voice.La bibliotecaria le pidió a Jonathan que bajara la voz.
b. rebajar
We lowered all of the prices in the store for our big fall sale.Rebajamos todos los precios de la tienda para la gran venta de otoño.
3. (to degrade)
a. rebajar
I refuse to lower myself to using her unscrupulous tactics.Me niego a rebajarme a usar sus tácticas sin escrúpulos.
4. (to relax)
a. bajar
We can't afford to lower our guard when we're so close to victory.No nos podemos permitir bajar la guardia cuando estamos tan cerca de la victoria.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to decline)
a. bajar
Temperatures are forecast to continue to lower throughout the week.Se prevé que las temperaturas sigan bajando durante la semana.
6. (to scowl)
a. fruncir el ceño
Bert likes you. - Are you kidding me? Did you see the way he lowered at me?Le caes bien a Bert. - ¿Me estás vacilando? ¿Viste la forma en que me frunció el ceño?
7. (to darken)
a. encapotarse
The sky lowered in anguish over the self destruction of the people in the civil war below.El cielo se encapotó de angustia por la autodestrucción de la gente de abajo con su guerra civil.
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An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (to indicate a smaller amount)
a. menos
Your neighbor's dog has less hair than yours.El perro de tu vecino tiene menos pelo que el tuyo.
2. (to a lesser degree)
a. menos
Don't think less of me for acting that way.No pienses menos de mi por actuar de esa manera.
3. (mathematics)
a. menos
Ten less seven is three.Diez menos siete son tres.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
4. (fewer)
a. menos
I have less than thirty dollars.Tengo menos de treinta dólares.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
5. (to indicate a subtraction)
a. menos
The total comes to $200, less the discount.El total sale en $200, menos el descuento.
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