Quick answer
"Lose" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perder", and "misplace" is a transitive verb which is also often translated as "perder". Learn more about the difference between "lose" and "misplace" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not find)
a. perder
I lost my cellphone at work.Perdí mi celular en el trabajo.
2. (to not win)
a. perder
She lost the race despite all the training she'd done.Perdió la carrera, a pesar de haber entrenado tanto.
3. (to be deprived of)
a. perder (rights, sight, a loved one)
She lost her parents when she was 12.Perdió a sus padres cuando tenía 12.
4. (to get rid of)
a. perder
He has already lost three pounds!¡Ya perdió tres libras!
b. bajar
You lost ten pounds in a week? That seems dangerous to me.¿Bajaste diez libras en una semana? Eso me parece peligroso.
c. deshacerse de (a pursuer)
I managed to lose him by dodging down a side alley.Conseguí deshacerme de él entrando en un callejón lateral.
5. (to waste)
a. perder (time or an opportunity)
I've lost a lot of sleep thinking about this.He perdido muchas horas de sueño pensando en esto.
6. (to cause the loss of)
a. costar
Arguing with him lost me my job.Discutir con él me costó mi trabajo.
7. (to confuse)
a. confundir
She lost me when she started explaining fractions.Me confundió cuando empezó a explicar fracciones.
8. (to become slower)
a. atrasarse
The kitchen clock loses two minutes every day.El reloj de la cocina se atrasa dos minutos cada día.
9. (to miss)
a. perder
We lost our connection in Madrid.Perdimos nuestra conexión en Madrid.
10. (to fail to keep)
a. perder
She lost some clients over the past weeks.Ha perdido algunos clientes durante las últimas semanas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to fail to win)
a. perder
We lost by two goals.Perdimos por dos goles.
12. (to have a loss)
a. salir perdiendo
I’m losing on the rental of my house.Salgo perdiendo en el alquiler de la casa.
13. (to be absorbed)
a. perderse
I lost myself reading such a good book.Me perdí en la lectura de tan buen libro.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to put in the wrong place)
a. perder
I misplaced my glasses and couldn't see a thing until I found them.Perdí mis gafas y no podía ver nada hasta que las encontré.
b. extraviar
My secretary misplaced an important file that I needed for a meeting.Mi secretario extravió un archivo importante que necesitaba para una reunión.
c. traspapelar
I'm sorry but I misplaced your résumé among the paperwork on my desk.Lo siento pero traspapelé tu curriculum entre los papeles de mi escritorio.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I must have misplaced the key, because I can't seem to find it right now.No sé dónde he puesto la llave porque no la puedo encontrar ahorita.
I seem to have misplaced my birth certificate, so I'll need to get a new copy.No sé dónde he puesto mi partida de nacimiento, así que tendré que obtener una nueva copia.
2. (to bestow unwisely)
a. depositar equivocadamente
I misplaced my hopes in this job, but now I see I made a mistake.Deposité equivocadamente mis esperanzas en este trabajo, pero ahora veo que me equivoqué.
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