Quick answer
"Lose" is a transitive verb which is often translated as "perder", and "lost" is an adjective which is often translated as "perdido". Learn more about the difference between "lose" and "lost" below.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to not find)
a. perder
I lost my cellphone at work.Perdí mi celular en el trabajo.
2. (to not win)
a. perder
She lost the race despite all the training she'd done.Perdió la carrera, a pesar de haber entrenado tanto.
3. (to be deprived of)
a. perder (rights, sight, a loved one)
She lost her parents when she was 12.Perdió a sus padres cuando tenía 12.
4. (to get rid of)
a. perder
He has already lost three pounds!¡Ya perdió tres libras!
b. bajar
You lost ten pounds in a week? That seems dangerous to me.¿Bajaste diez libras en una semana? Eso me parece peligroso.
c. deshacerse de (a pursuer)
I managed to lose him by dodging down a side alley.Conseguí deshacerme de él entrando en un callejón lateral.
5. (to waste)
a. perder (time or an opportunity)
I've lost a lot of sleep thinking about this.He perdido muchas horas de sueño pensando en esto.
6. (to cause the loss of)
a. costar
Arguing with him lost me my job.Discutir con él me costó mi trabajo.
7. (to confuse)
a. confundir
She lost me when she started explaining fractions.Me confundió cuando empezó a explicar fracciones.
8. (to become slower)
a. atrasarse
The kitchen clock loses two minutes every day.El reloj de la cocina se atrasa dos minutos cada día.
9. (to miss)
a. perder
We lost our connection in Madrid.Perdimos nuestra conexión en Madrid.
10. (to fail to keep)
a. perder
She lost some clients over the past weeks.Ha perdido algunos clientes durante las últimas semanas.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
11. (to fail to win)
a. perder
We lost by two goals.Perdimos por dos goles.
12. (to have a loss)
a. salir perdiendo
I’m losing on the rental of my house.Salgo perdiendo en el alquiler de la casa.
13. (to be absorbed)
a. perderse
I lost myself reading such a good book.Me perdí en la lectura de tan buen libro.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (misplaced)
a. perdido
Never mind about your lost keys. I have an extra set.No te preocupes por tus llaves perdidas. Tengo otras.
2. (unable to find one's way)
a. perdido
That little boy looks like he's lost.Ese niño parece estar perdido.
3. (wasted)
a. perdido
Since he came out of prison, he's made up for lost time.Desde que salió de la cárcel, ha recuperado el tiempo perdido.
4. (that cannot be recovered)
a. perdido
Handwriting is becoming a lost art.Escribir a mano se está convirtiendo en un arte perdido.
5. (confused)
a. perdido
Wait a minute, I'm lost. Could you explain that again?Espera, me he perdido. ¿Podrías volver a explicarlo?
6. (presumed dead)
a. desaparecido
Her brother was lost in action.Su hermano se dio por desaparecido en combate.
7. (helpless)
a. perdido
I didn't know anyone at the party. I felt completely lost.No conocía a nadie en la fiesta. Me sentía totalmente perdido.
8. (engrossed)
a. absorto
Nicole was so lost in her book that she didn't hear the doorbell.Nicole estaba tan absorta en su libro que no escuchó el timbre de la puerta.
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